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               Also visit SMATCH  (Scientific Methodologies Applied to Cultural Heritage)
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 http://www.arlingtonlri.org/images/Encore%20Learning%20Logo.png
  Encore Learning.
 
The Encore Learning LOGO and this line of text link to the Encore learning Home Page
             (for information on joining Encore Learning and for courses, etc.)

Formerly A L R I -- the Arlington Learning in Retirement Institute

Mediterranean History Courses --

Instructor: Tom WukitschSMATCH Board member

Spring 2014 semester: Encore Learning course number 348:  Pompeii, Vesuvius, and all That.

There are ten sessions lasting two hours each on Fridays from 9:30 AM to 11:30 AM.  The first session is on Friday March 7, 2014, and the last is on Friday May 9, 2014.  All sessions will be held in room 118 of Founders Hall,  3351 Fairfax Drive, at the George Mason University Arlington Virginia campus.   Note change in room number (again!).

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You might think you know what happened to Pompeii in August of 79 AD, but whatever you learned before 1991, when Mt. Pinatubo erupted, may well be wrong.  Don't blame yourself -- the world's top volcanologists had it wrong too, and it cost some of them their lives when Pinatubo blew up in the Philippines.  Only since  Pinatubo have we understood the two-stage phreatomagmatic, phreatic, Plinian, and Peleean events that overwhelmed Pompeii.  The first three phases were easy.  It was the "Peleean" phase that did all the serious damage and killed all those famous "petrified people".

To see an animation of the AD 79 Vesuvius eruption, click here.

We'll study the geology, the volcanology, the history (and prehistory), the immediate and long term aftermath, and the eventual archeological rediscovery of the Campanian "lost cities".  And we'll discuss some little known facts including the two earlier total-destruction levels under Roman Pompeii and the higher casualty rate in 1631 AD than in the 79 AD blowout.

Could it happen again?  Volcanologists say yes, and now there are 1.5 million people living in the Vesuvius danger zone -- and right on top of the 400+ cubic kilometer magma chamber that underlies the whole area.

Does that make it still the most dangerous Volcano in the world?  Only if you don't count Washington State's Mt. Rainier -- many volcanologists say Rainier surely will have a bigger pop, and it's just as heavily populated.  Rainier's biggest eruption was 2200 years ago, but it had a small eruption was about 150 years ago and volcanic mudslides (lahars) in the 1960s.  It's still considered active because of the 20 or so earthquakes it generates per year -- more than any Cascade Range volcano except Mt. St. Helens.

Want a real chill?  Read about the Yellowstone Super Volcano at  http://pubs.usgs.gov/fs/2005/3024/ or at http://solcomhouse.com/yellowstone.htm  (scroll down).  (Three of the world's seven "super volcanoes" are in the western USA and Yellowstone is the biggest.)

Or look up the really huge "super-plume" that's under Africa -- its southern end is under the tip of South Africa and its northern extremity is near Kilimanjaro.  The Ethiopian Rift (the "Great Rift Valley" in oldspeak) is its current outlet, and it's spreading rapidly (http://www.mmdtkw.org/ALRIVesAfricanRiftOcean.html):  the whole continent may eventually split.  The plume is thought to be responsible for the current high altitude of all of southern and eastern Africa. 

All  this almost makes you nostalgic for worrying about meteor impacts.  On the other hand, any one of the many disaster scenarios associated with the super volcanoes and super-plumes (there's another near Hawaii) would permanently solve the global warming problem.

There are ten sessions lasting two hours each on Fridays from 9:30 AM to 11:30 AM.  The first session is on Friday March 7, 2014, and the last is on Friday May 9, 2014.  All sessions will be held at the George Mason University Arlington Virginia campus, Founders' Hall, Room 210. 

Finding the classes?
Click this line or on the small map image to see a larger image of the map:
http://www.mmdtkw.org/GMUArlMap.jpg 
Please note that the "parking" indicated on the map is for GMU parking pass holders only.  Metered parking is available on nearby streets.  Some meters on Fairfax Drive next to St. Charles Church and on 10th Street offer parking for up to 12 hours.  Paid parking is available under the Foundation Building -- about $10 for three hours.  The Virginia Square/GMU
Orange Line Metro (subway) station is nearby -- see the bottom left corner of the map.  (For today's weather at Arlington GMU, click on this link.) 

Textbooks:  None are needed.  There will be no hard copies of the handouts for this courseThey are only available on the Internet in two computer formats at: 
http://www.mmdtkw.org/PompeiiVesuviusMaster.doc and at
http://www.mmdtkw.org/PompeiiVesuviusMaster.pdf

Each format runs to 330 pages, so, depending on your Internet connection, they may take a while to download.


For those who just have to read more, first start with other free stuff from the internet.  Click here to get started (and use your browser's "back" key to come back to this page).  That old chestnut, Bulwer Lytton's Last Days of Pompeii is available, full text, at several Internet sites:  the easiest to read, I think, is at http://www.gutenberg.org/etext/1565.  The story is neither accurate nor factual, but you may enjoy reading a period piece.  Lytton is also the man who wrote, "It was a dark and stormy night...."

Want to buy a book?

Recently Published:  There is no better book on Pompeii and Vesuvius than The World of Pompeii. It is universally acclaimed as the most thorough, most up-to-date, and most accurate book on Pompeii and the 79 AD eruption that buried Pompeii and the other cities surrounding Vesuvius.  The book is actually a compilation of chapters written by the foremost experts on various subjects related to the study of Pompeii and Vesuvius.  It is available on the internet for about $40 in paperback or $250 in hardcover.  It comes with a CD that contains six large-scale site maps for Pompeii and Herulanum as well as brief notes on the sources and uses of the maps. 

Michale Grant's Cities of Vesuvius is available in a new edition from online booksellers for about $20 (paperback), but it does not seem to be updated, so the volcanology is somewhat obsolete (1980s).

The Robert Harris NY Times bestselling novel, Pompeii, is available in various editions for as little as $3.31 (click here), and it's a good read giving both flavor of the eruption of AD 79 and some correct information on how the earthshaking event affected the local water supply.  (The hero is an "Aquarius" -- a water inspector -- and, of course there is a friendly, noble, nubile girl.)

For Information about Copyright,  "Fair Use",  and plagiarism, click this line.
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http://www.mmdtkw.org/

Tiber Island in Rome -- the site of the earliest known habitations of the city
  (Photo source: http://catholic-resources.org/AncientRome/tbr0-1.jpg ,
Part of a major Rome Internet image resource at
http://catholic-resources.org/AncientRome/index.html
by Prof. Felix Just, S.J.)


Rome Surveys, Ancient Rome in the Movies, Pompeii/Vesuvius, Carthage/Roman North Africa, Ancient Egypt, Shakespeare's Four Roman Plays, Crusades, and other diversions

*  *  *  *  *  *  *  *  *  *  *  *  *  *  *  *  *  *  *  *  *  *  *  *
The Past -- earlier presentations and classes:
National Building Museum Tour
Wednesday July 13, 2005 at 10:30 AM
ALRI members joined Bobby Gladstein for a look at this historic example of late 19th century public institutions.  We explored one of the most beautiful and architecturally interesting buildings in D.C., built after the Civil War to house the Pensions Bureau.  After the building tour, the group met with Mr. Don Alexander Hawkins, curator of the current exhibition Washington:  Symbol and City, for a discussion of the meaning of the District of Columbia not only as the nation's capital, but also as home to many culturally diverse people.

Briefly captioned pictures taken during the tour are available at http://www.mmdtkw.org/NBM-ALRItkw.html

An article about the Museum is available at http://www.mmdtkw.org/VNatBuildMus.html

ALRI Travel Club Presentations are available at
http://www.mmdtkw.org/ALRITravelClub.html

EXTRAS!!
Pictures of the Travel Club trip to Pompeii/Vesuvius in 2010 are at
https://picasaweb.google.com/mmdtkw/TKWALRITravelPompeii2010Album1 and at https://picasaweb.google.com/mmdtkw/TKWALRITravelPompeii2010Album2.

Pictures from the Travel Club May-June, 2013, trip from Vienna to Amsterdam are now on the Internet.  Click here or go to: 
https://picasaweb.google.com/mmdtkw/Encore_ViennaAmsterdan_MayJune2013

Rome Surveys: 

Ancient Rome -- Fall Semester 2014 -- Course has been completed.  For course description, click here.

Shakespeare's Four Roman Plays
-- Spring Semester 2013 -- Course has been completed.  For course description, click here.

Crusades -- Fall Semester 2012 -- Course has been Completed

Ancient Rome in the Movies  -- Spring Semester 2012 -- Course has been completed

Ancient Egypt (History 303)  -- Fall Semester 2011 -- Course has been completed

Carthage and Ancient North Africa
-- Spring Semester 2011 -- Course has been completed

Medieval Rome -- Fall Semester 2010 -- Course has been completed


Pompeii Study Trip -- May/June 2010 --
More than 1300 pictures of the study trip to Pompeii and other areas buried by the 79 AD eruption of Vesuvius are available on line at:
http://picasaweb.google.com/mmdtkw/TKWALRITravelPompeii2010Album1#  and at
http://picasaweb.google.com/mmdtkw/TKWALRITravelPompeii2010Album2#  .
(The second album starts with 42 images from the cathedral of the Madonna of the Rosary in modern Pompei and then moves on to the scavi at Oplontis.)
 

Renaissance Rome -- Spring Semester 2010 -- Course has been completed


Shakespeare's Four Roman Plays
-- Fall Semester 2009 -- Course has been completed.  For course description, click here.

Pompeii, Vesuvius, and all That -- Spring Semester 2009 -- Course has been completed.  For course description, click here.

Ancient Rome -- Fall Semester 2008 -- Course has been completed.  For course description, click here.


Ancient Egypt (click for info) -- Fall Semester 2007, r
epeated Spring Semester 2008.  Courses completed.  

Ancient Egypt study trip -- November 23 through December 7, 2007:  Cairo, Luxor, Edfu, Kom Ombo, Aswan, Cairo

Ancient Rome in the Movies (click for info) -- Spring Semester 2007 -- Course has been completed


Carthage and Ancient North Africa
-- Fall Semester 2006 -- Course has been completed

Vesuvius -- The Destruction of Pompeii, Herculaneum, and surrounding areas
-- Fall Semester 2005 and repeated Spring Semester 2006 -- Courses have been completed

Medieval Rome -- Spring Semester 2005 -- Course has been completed


Renaissance Rome -- Fall Semester 2004 -- Course has been completed

Ancient Rome Study Trip -- September 2004 -- Trip to Rome has been completed  -- For links to papers that were prepared for the trip and for pictures of the trip, click here

Ancient Rome -- Spring Semester 2004 -- Course has been completed.  For course description, click here.

Medieval Rome -- Fall Semester 2003 -- Course has been completed

Ancient Rome -- Spring Semester 2003 -- Course has been completed . For course description, click here.


Textbooks -- none are needed
But, if you feel that you simply must have a book or three,

For the Ancient Rome course, Richardson's A New Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome is a great source, but it costs about $80 through on line booksellers.  It was published in 1992, so it does not include the excavations of Rome's Imperial Forums which were accomplished after that time.  Large parts of the "old" -- 1929 -- topo dictionary, which Richardson revised and updated, are available free on the Internet at http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Gazetteer/Places/Europe/Italy/Lazio/Roma/Rome/_Texts/PLATOP*/home*.html.  Also for the Ancient Rome course, Cary and Scullard's A History of Rome Down to the Reign of Constantine is the textbook of choice for many university courses (about $70 on the Internet),  and one of the great book bargains on the internet is the Oxford Archeological Guide to Rome (for only $14).  The most commonly used book on how Romans lived is Daily Life of the Ancient Romans by David Matz (about $50 from online booksellers), but I prefer the older -- and free! -- The Private Life of the Romans by the Johnstons, on the Internet at http://www.forumromanum.org/life/johnston.html .

For the Rome/Movies course,
the usual  handouts will be provided for each unit, but if you really think you must have a book, try one of these:

Big Screen Rome, by Monica Silveira Cyrino or
Imperial Projections: Ancient Rome in Modern Popular Culture, by Sandra B. Joshel et al.  or
Projecting the Past: Ancient Rome, Cinema, and History, by Maria Wyke

For the Carthage/North Africa course, visit this page.

For the
Vesuvius/Pompeii course, visit this page.

For the
Medieval Rome course, you could get yourself a copy of Rome, Profile of a City, 312 -- 1308 by Richard Krautheimer.  It has history, architecture, profuse illustrations, etc., and the late Professor was long acknowledged as the the "world's foremost authority".  Almost everything we know is based on his research and that of his students.   (Once again available, now in large format paperback, $30 at Amazon.com on the internet  and more expensive elsewhere.)  The 1854 History of the City of Rome in the Middle Ages by Ferdinand Gregorovius is also available for sale on the internet at http://www.italicapress.com/index165.html, but it costs $285 for the eight volume set (in 13 paperbacks) or $225 for the CD-ROM.

For the Renaissance Rome course (again, only if you feel you must have a book) there are:  (1) The Renaissance in Rome,  by Charles L. Stinger (about $18 from Amazon.com);  (2) Renaissance Rome 1500 - 1559, A portrait of a Society, by Peter Partner ($20);  and (3) The Art of Renaissance Rome, by Loren Partridge ($12).  The full text of Jacob Burckhardt's classic, The Civilization of the Renaissance in Italy, is available on the internet at http://www.boisestate.edu/courses/hy309/docs/burckhardt/burckhardt.html

For the Ancient Rome course, Richardson's A New Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome is a great source, but it costs about $80 through on line booksellers.  It was published in 1992, so it does not include the excavations of Rome's Imperial Forums which were accomplished after that time.  Large parts of the "old" -- 1929 -- topo dictionary, which Richardson revised and updated, are available free on the Internet at http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Gazetteer/Places/Europe/Italy/Lazio/Roma/Rome/
_Texts/PLATOP*/home*.html.  Also for the Ancient Rome couse, Cary and Scullard's A History of Rome Down to the Reign of Constantine is the textbook of choice for many university courses (about $70 on the Internet),  and one of the great book bargains on the internet is the Oxford Archeological Guide to Rome (for only $14).  The most commonly used book on how Romans lived is Daily Life of the Ancient Romans by David Matz (about $50 from online booksellers), but I prefer the older -- and free! -- The Private Life of the Romans by the Johnstons, on the Internet at http://www.forumromanum.org/life/johnston.html .




Copyright, "Fair Use", and Plagiarism
Courses listed do not involve student writing or multi-media projects, but everyone should be as aware as I am of the rules about copyright, "fair use" and plagiarism.  Attribution has become a particularly thorny problem in the Internet age: as unattributed copies of the same information/pages appear on multiple sites, it becomes increasingly difficult to find the owner of intellectual property.  (I've seen some of my own stuff presented as original material on other web sites.)  Complicating an already difficult situation is the fact that copyright laws and regulations have not yet been updated to address current issues.  There have been numerous court cases in various countries, but the decisions have been inconsistent.

And then there is the problem of "unconscious plagiarism":  certain phrases and ways of writing  about subject matter have become engrained in the literature.  After long years of reading and study on any particular subject, apt phraseology, which might well have originated in the writings of others, will almost certainly pop back into your head as "original" thoughts.  For me,  fifty-five years of notes and sometimes unsorted and unsourced note cards (some of which date back to my early teens) have also been a problem.  Sometimes I frankly don't know whether "what is written" is original thought or cribbed from some "source".  I've tried not to let plagiarism creep onto these pages, but if you do see it, let me know at 
http://www.mmdtkw.org/ALRIeMail.gif mmd.tkw@verizon.net

Use the three links immediately below to find more information on
Copyright, "Fair Use", and Plagiarism.

GMU Copyright/Fair Use pages  http://mason.gmu.edu/~montecin/cpyrght.htm
"Fair Use", Copyright, Plagiarism (Stanford U)  http://fairuse.stanford.edu/
US Code on Copyright:  Title 17, Chapter 1 
(Section 107 covers "Fair Use") 
http://www4.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/ch1.html




The following contains links to pages that are available on the Internet.
Please note that links on the Internet are notoriously volatile.  I can not  predict or prevent "broken links" due to changes in other folks'  Internet sites.  If you don't find what the link calls for, you can always search using Google or some other search engine.


The Crusades -- Wars Among Christians and Muslims

(Why "among" rather than "between"? 
In many of these wars, shifting alliances meant that Christians and Muslims fought on both sides.  There were also "Crusades" that didn't involve Muslims at all.)
If you use your Internet search engine to search for the word crusades, you will find more than 14 million entries.  The pages linked below along with links on those pages will give you a start in wading through what's on the web.  Note that in the files that I have used for the Crusades course there are many more links to Wikipedia than I have used in the past.  The reason for this is that I have found nothing particularly wrong or misleading in the pages accessed through these links.  On this subject, I think Wikipedia is accurate.

Spelling and transliteration of names and places

Spelling in European languages had not yet stabilized in medieval times so names of persons and places might have been spelled several different ways.  Middle Eastern languages are even more of a problem because they were/are written in different alphabets which have to be transliterated into ours.  I have made absolutely no effort to straighten out this mess, so yew’l sea difrent spellin fer da saym peeple, locayshuns, etc.

Click here for the Crusades course handout in .doc format.
Click here for the Crusades course handout in .pdf format.
Week 1 -- Pre-Islam and the rise and spread of Islam
http://www.mmdtkw.org/CRUS-Unit1Images.html
Week 2 -- First Crusade
http://www.mmdtkw.org/CRUS-Unit2Images.html
Week 3 -- Second and Third Crusades
http://www.mmdtkw.org/CRUS-Unit3Images.html
Week 4 -- Crusades
Parts 1 and 2 (of 4)
Film  http://www.mmdtkw.org/CrusadesHistoryChannelJones.jpg (Click to enlarge image)

You can watch on the Internet:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-6Z3YFq-Njg (49 minutes)
and
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=i7OS6QmAp3c (47 minutes)
Week 5 -- Crusades
Parts 3 and 4 (of 4)
Film
http://www.mmdtkw.org/CrusadesHistoryChannelJones.jpg (Click to enlarge image)

You can watch on the Internet:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HY5h2qcpOEU (49 minutes)
and
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1ouNcFZBXus (49 minutes)
Week 6 -- Richard the Lionheart and Saladin -- Holy Warriors
Parts 1 and 2 (of 2)
Film http://www.mmdtkw.org/CRUS-PBS-RichardSaladinHolyWarriors.jpg (Click to enlarge image)
You can watch on the Internet:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CiYNdexDwYw (110 minutes)
Week 7 -- Fourth Crusade
http://www.mmdtkw.org/CRUS-Unit7Images.html
Week 8 -- Later Crusades
http://www.mmdtkw.org/CRUS-Unit8Images.html
Week 9 -- Albigensian (Cathar) and
Baltic (Nordic) Crusades
http://www.mmdtkw.org/CRUS-Unit9Images.html
Week 10 -- 21st Century Crusades
Open Discussion

Also available on the Internet: The Crusades -- Crescent and Cross
Parts 1 and 2 (of 2)
Film http://www.mmdtkw.org/Crusades-CrescentAndCross.jpg (Click to enlarge image)
You can watch on the internet:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zqK-RuntywY (90 minutes)
and
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HlpfgFd7wYY (90 minutes)






Shakespeare's four Roman Plays
Shakespeare links:
There are 2.5 million Google links to <Shakespeare plays>  here.
Here are some that I found most usefull:
Unit 1: Coriolanus
 http://www.mmdtkw.org/RomeShak103-FiennesButlerCoriolanus.jpg      
2011
124 minutes
Coriolanus is set in the early Roman republic period.  The Roman struggle with the Volscii (a mountain tribe southeast of Rome) is complicated by the Plebeian struggle for power within the Roman government.  War hero Coriolanus is embroiled in both, and, after being expelled from Rome for his rants against the Plebeians, changes sides and leads a Volscii army against the city. 
Shakespeare’s final tragedy is also considered one of his greatest.  This powerful political drama tells the story of the great Roman general whose arrogance leads to his own downfall.  One of Shakespeare’s most provocative plays, Coriolanus is a mesmerizing tale that unfolds as both personal tragedy and political thriller.  From exalted war hero – to heavy handed politician to finally, exile – Coriolanus is manipulated by his power hungry mother Volumnia (one of Shakespeare’s great female roles) and his unwillingness to compromise his principles as his world spirals out of control in his crusade for vengeance.          
(Old Globe Theater -- San Diego)

http://www.mmdtkw.org/RomeShakUnit1.html -- Images, Unit 1
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coriolanus
http://www.sparknotes.com/shakespeare/coriolanus/
http://ancienthistory.about.com/od/coriolanus/a/Coriolanus.htm
http://www.gradesaver.com/coriolanus/
http://pages.unibas.ch/shine/linkstragcoriolanuswf.html
http://shakespeare.mit.edu/coriolanus/index.html
Unit 2: Julius Caesar
http://www.mmdtkw.org/ShakespeareJuliusCaesar.jpg
1979
160 minutes

Julius Caesar  is the name of the production, but he dies early on.
Shakespeare's story is really about Marc Antony's destruction of the
liberatori
  who had assassinated Caesar. 
The 1979 BBC television production faithfully uses the entire Shakespeare text and is therefore superior to the 1953 hollywood production with Marlon Brando as Antony.  The time period covered is 44 and 42 BC.
http://www.mmdtkw.org/RomeShakUnit2.html -- Images, Unit 2
http://www.sparknotes.com/shakespeare/juliuscaesar/
http://www-tech.mit.edu/Shakespeare/julius_caesar/index.html
    part of http://www-tech.mit.edu/Shakespeare/
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Julius_Caesar_(1953_film)
http://movies2.nytimes.com/mem/movies/review.html?_r=3&title1=Julius
    %20Caesar&title2=&reviewer=BOSLEY%20CROWTHER
http://dir.yahoo.com/Arts/Humanities/History/By_Time_Period/Ancient_
    History/Roman/People/Caesar__Gaius_Julius__100_44_BCE_/
http://english-renaissance.net/machiavelli-shakespeare.html
Unit 3: Antony and Cleopatra
http://www.mmdtkw.org/ShakespeareAntonyCleo.jpg
1975
160 minutes
Not Elizabeth Taylor and Richard Burton.  It is an ITV television production of Trevor Nunn's stage version performed by London's Royal
Shakespeare Company, which was shown in the
United States to great
acclaim in
1975Most critics agree that it's the best mass media Antony
and Cleopatra ever produced. The time period is from 41 BC through
29 BC, but the action is much compressed by Shakespeare.

http://www.mmdtkw.org/RomeShakUnit3.html -- Images, Unit 3
http://www.sparknotes.com/shakespeare/antony/
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antony_and_Cleopatra
http://www-tech.mit.edu/Shakespeare/cleopatra/
http://www.shakespeare-online.com/sources/antonysources.html
Unit 4: Titus Andronicus
http://www.mmdtkw.org/ShakespeareTitus.jpg
2000
162 minutes





Titus Andronicus, one of Shakespeare's earliest plays, is certainly his most violent.  It was written, before Shakespeare found his own more mellow style,for an Elizabethan audience already inured to violent "revenge plays" modeled after the nine Senecan tragedies

Our movie is Julie Taymor's production, in which she fearlessly shows all of Shakespeare's violence.

It is set during the reign of a fictional emperor, Saturninus, in the period of "military anarchy" beginning with Maximus Thrax and ending with the formation of the Tetrarchy by Diocletian (235 - 285 AD).  Shakespeare's and Taymor's bloody story accurately reflects the violence of that time.  Something to consider:  Who commits the first violent act that provokes revenge?

Taymor had staged Titus in New york in 1995 before her Lion King success and returned to it for her first movie.
http://www.mmdtkw.org/RomeShakUnit4.html -- Images, Unit 4
http://www.geocities.com/hopkinsfanatic/titusnyt.htm
http://www.culturekiosque.com/nouveau/cinema/rhevideo2.html
http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qa3768/is_200401/ai_n9394382
http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qa3768/is_200201/ai_n9057295
http://www-tech.mit.edu/Shakespeare/titus/index.html
http://www.answers.com/topic/senecan-tragedy








Ancient Egypt






A note on spelling of ancient Egyptian names and words:
All Egyptian names and words are transliterations from
ancient Egyptian phonetic scripts.  So modern spellings are
dependent on how we think the ancient word sounded.
This can lead to different spellings, and there is no "correct"
way to spell any Egyptian word or name.  One tries for
consistency,
but some variation is inevitable.  Please patiently
accept the
sometimes variant spelling of Egyptian names
and words you
may find in the Egyptian section of the
this Internet site. 

Unit 1:  Introduction, Pre- and Proto-Dynastic Egypt
http://www.mmdtkw.org/EGtkw0100Unit1IntroPrehistPredyn.html
(Outline and images from slide lecture)(more links can be found in this page)
Unit 2:  Late Proto-Dynastic to the Late Period, plus DVD:  Mystery of the Rosetta Stone (Egypt – Rediscovering a Lost World)
http://www.mmdtkw.org/EGtkw0200-Unit2ProtoDynastictoLatePeriod.html
(Outline and images from slide lecture)(more links can be found in this page)
http://www.bbc.co.uk/pressoffice/pressreleases/stories/2005/10_october/17/egypt_champ_eps.shtml
(CD synopsis from BBC)
Unit 3:  Egyptian Writing, plus DVD:  Secrets of the Hieroglyphs (Egypt – Rediscovering a Lost World)
http://www.mmdtkw.org/EGtkw0300-Unit3EgyptianWriting.html
(Outline and images from slide lecture)(more links can be found in this page)
http://www.bbc.co.uk/pressoffice/pressreleases/stories/2005/10_october/17/egypt_champ_eps.shtml
(CD synopsis from BBC)

Unit 4:  Pharaohs and Pharaohesses

http://www.mmdtkw.org/EGtkw0500-Rulers.html
(Outline and images from slide lecture) (more links can be found in this page)
Unit 5:  DVD:  Belzoni – The Pharaoh and the Showman / The Temple of the Sands  (Egypt – Rediscovering a Lost World) http://www.mnsu.edu/emuseum/information/biography/abcde/belzoni_giovanni.html
(Belzoni Bio)
http://www.bbc.co.uk/pressoffice/pressreleases/stories/2005/10_october/17/egypt_belzoni_eps.shtml
(CD Synopsis from BBC)
Unit 6:  Religion and Death Rites

http://www.mmdtkw.org/EGtkw0400-ReligionDeathRites.html
(Outline and images from slide lecture)(more links can be found in this page)
Unit 7:  Pyramids, plus DVD:  Pyramid (Macauley)
http://www.mmdtkw.org/EGtkw0600-Pyramids.html
(Outline and images from slide lecture)(more links can be found in this page)
Unit 8:  Theban Tombs -- Valley of the Kings, plus DVD:  Journey through the Valley of the Kings
http://www.mmdtkw.org/EGtkw0700-ThebanTombs.html
(Outline and images from slide lecture)(more links can be found in this page)
Unit 9:  Other Egyptian Archeological sites
http://www.mmdtkw.org/EGtkw0800-OtherEgyptianPlaces.html
(Outline and images from slide lecture)(more links can be found in this page)
Unit 10:  Ptolemies and Romans

http://www.mmdtkw.org/EGtkw0900AlexandrinesPtolemiesRomans.html
(Outline and images from slide lecture)(more links can be found in this page)


Ancient Rome in the Movies:  Course Units
Course HandoutThe handout is on the Internet in two formats,  .doc and  .pdf http://www.mmdtkw.org/ARomeMovies.doc
http://www.mmdtkw.org/ARomeMovies.pdf
Ancient Rome in the Movies --
            The Films:

Note that some of the links below are from Wikipedia, "the free
encyclopedia that
anyone can edit".  Like much other information on the
Internet, what appears in Wikipedia should be taken cum grano salis.
1.  A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum (1966)
http://www.mmdtkw.org/ARMov1FunnyForum_.jpgClick for larger image
97 Minutes
A movie based on a broadway musical, which was based on
three plays(Pseudolus, Miles Gloriosus, and Mostellaria) that Plautus
(ca. 200 bc) may have copied from the Greek stage.  The broad comedy
of Zero Mostel made the movie and the Broadway musical a success,
and he was also the force behind bringing other previously blacklisted
actors and staff into the production.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/A_Funny_Thing_Happened
_      on_the_Way_to_the_Forum
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plautus
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zero_Mostel
2.  Scipio Africanus -- The Defeat of Hannibal (1937)
http://www.mmdtkw.org/ARMov2Scipio.jpgClick for larger image
93 Minutes
Made by Mussolini's brother in 1937, the year of the Italian Trans-Libyan
Highway and Italy's invasion of Ethiopia, this film won the Venice Film
Festival prize for that year.  It's clearly a propaganda piece glorifying Italian
imperialism, but it is, nonetheless, surprisingly accurate. It's climax is the
Battle of Zama (in modern Tunisia) in 202 BC, which ended the Second
Punic War between Rome and Carthage.
http://www.ihffilm.com/22789.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scipio_Africanus:_
        
The_Defeat_of_Hannibal
http://www.roman-empire.net/army/zama.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Benito_Mussolini
3.  Spartacus (1960)
http://www.mmdtkw.org/ARMov3Spartacus.jpgClick for larger image
198 Minutes
A very fictitious story of Rome's Third Servile War (73 - 70 BC),
this is the movie that really broke the Hollywood blacklist.  Kirk Douglas,
producer as well as star of the epic, brought in the blacklisted screen-
writer Dalton Trumbo and insisted that he be credited with the authorship
of the screenplay.   Trumbo drew his story from Howard Fast's 1951 novel
and, like Fast, portrayed Spartacus as a popular revolutionary.  Many
scholars disagree saying that Spartacus was just a wily escapee with no
grand revolutionary agenda.  It's impossible to say who was right:  the
historical evidence is extremely sketchy.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spartacus
http://www.vroma.org/~bmcmanus/spartacus.html
http://www.historyinfilm.com/spart/
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Howard_Fast
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dalton_Trumbo
4.  Julius Caesar (1953)
http://www.mmdtkw.org/ARMov4JuliusCaesar.jpgClick for larger image
121 Minutes
Julius Caesar  is the name of the production, but he dies early on.
Shakespeare's story is really about Marc Antony's destruction of the
liberatori
  who had assassinated Caesar. 
This film is recognized as one of
Brando's greatest performances, and it is acclaimed by Shakespeare
specialists as well as by the Hollywood crowd.  Time period covered is
44 and 43
BC.
http://www.sparknotes.com/shakespeare/juliuscaesar/
http://www-tech.mit.edu/Shakespeare/julius_caesar/index.html
    part of http://www-tech.mit.edu/Shakespeare/
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Julius_Caesar_(1953_film)
http://movies2.nytimes.com/mem/movies/review.html?_r=3&title1=Julius
    %20Caesar&title2=&reviewer=BOSLEY%20CROWTHER
http://dir.yahoo.com/Arts/Humanities/History/By_Time_Period/Ancient_
    History/Roman/People/Caesar__Gaius_Julius__100_44_BCE_/
5.  Antony and Cleopatra (1974)
http://www.mmdtkw.org/ARMov5AntonyCleopatraShakespeare.jpgClick for larger image
161 Minutes
Not Elizabeth Taylor and Richard Burton.  It is an ITV television production
of
Trevor Nunn's stage version performed by London's Royal
Shakespeare Company, which was shown in the
United States to great
acclaim in
1975Most critics agree that it's the best mass media A and C
ever produced. The time period is from 41 BC through 29 BC, but the
action is much compressed by Shakespeare.

http://www.sparknotes.com/shakespeare/antony/
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antony_and_Cleopatra
http://www-tech.mit.edu/Shakespeare/cleopatra/
6.  Augustus (2003)
http://www.mmdtkw.org/ARMov6Augustus.jpgClick for larger image
178 Minutes
"....equal parts history lesson and soap opera, and thoroughly engaging
at all levels".  
Peter O'toole is Augustus on his death bed and
remembering/retelling his life.  The film is surprisingly accurate, and also,
surprisingly, the multiple flashback (and even flashbacks within flashbacks)
form holds the film together.  The only really jarring note is the gratuitous
inclusion of Jesus in the last words of the film, supposedly spoken by (the
ghost of?) Augustus in what appears to be a parody of his Res Gestae Divi
Augusti (= Deeds of the Divine Augustus).  The movie covers the life of
Augustus from 45 BC until his death in 14 AD.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Imperium:_Augustus
http://www.roman-emperors.org/auggie.htm
http://www.virgil.org/augustus/
http://classics.mit.edu/Augustus/deeds.html
7.  Caligula (1979, reworked several times, ours is essentially the R rated 1981 version.)
http://www.mmdtkw.org/ARMov7CaligulaR.jpgClick for larger image
101 Minutes
This is an attempt to return to the Gore Vidal Caligula screenplay.  Penthouse
Magazine operatives had inserted almost an hour of gratuitous explicit sex
and gore, which was removed for this
"R" rated (cleaned up) version of the
notorious Penthouse production.  Caligula was undoubtedly evil and
perhaps insane, but most of what we "know" about him was written by
"historians" in the pay of his enemies
after his assassination, and most of
that is suspiciously similar to what had been written about previous tyrants
in the ancient world.  The action takes place between 31 AD when Caligula
was summoned to the Villa of Tiberius in Capri and Caligula's death in 41 AD.
http://www.roman-emperors.org/gaius.htm
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Caligula_%28film%29
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Caligula
8.  Satyricon (1969)
http://www.mmdtkw.org/ARMov8Satyricon.jpgClick for larger image
129 Minutes
Satyricon (Fellini Satyricon) is a 1969 film by Federico Fellini that is loosely
based on the
Petronius novel Satyricon, a series of bawdy and satirical
episodes written during the reign of the emperor
Nero and set in imperial
Rome.  Many literature "experts" call the Petronius work the world's first novel.
The original text survives only in large fragments, and instead of trying to
connect the fragments which survived, Fellini presented the material in a series
of somewhat disjointed and dislocated scenes.  Petronius, usually identified
with Petronius Arbiter, is thought to have been Nero's "master of the revels".
The date of the "events" in the Satyricon is unclear, but the work most likely
dates from Nero's reign 54 - 68 AD
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Satyricon_%28film%29
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Satyricon
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Petronius
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Federico_Fellini
9.  Gladiator (2000)
http://www.mmdtkw.org/ARMov9Gladiator.jpgClick for larger image
155 Minutes
A fiction set in the reign of Commodus, the film, nonetheless, is very good
on Roman architecture, costume, life style, and general ambiance -- good
enough for the film to become a staple of university
ancient history and
archeology
courses.  The history of Commodus, like that of Caligula
120 years before him, was written by historians in the pay of his erstwhile
enemies.  Commodus was named Caesar
by his father, Marcus Aurelius,
at age 5 in 166 AD and was  made co-Augustus in 178 AD. He reigned alone
from his father's death in 180 AD until 192 when he was assassinated -- he
was not killed in the arena as shown in the movie.
http://www.mmdtkw.org/VCommodus.html
http://abacus.bates.edu/~mimber/Rciv/gladiator.htm
http://www.vroma.org/~bmcmanus/arena.html
http://www.exovedate.com/the_real_gladiator_one.html
http://ablemedia.com/ctcweb/consortium/gladiators.html
10.  Titus (1999)
http://www.mmdtkw.org/ARMov10Titus.jpgClick for larger image
162 Minutes
Titus Andronicus, one of Shakespeare's earliest plays, is certainly his most
violent.  It was written,
before Shakespeare found his own more mellow style,
for an Elizabethan audience already inured to violent "revenge plays"
modeled after the nine Senecan tragedies
.  Our movie is Julie Taymor's
production, in which she fearlessly shows all of Shakespeare's violence.
It is set in the period of "military anarchy" beginning with Maximus Thrax
and ending with the formation of the Tetrarchy by Diocletian (235 - 285 AD)
during the reign of a fictional Emperor Saturninus.  Shakespeare's and
Taymor's bloody story accurately reflects the violence of that time.  Something
to consider:  Who commits the first violent act that provokes revenge?
Taymor had staged Titus in New york in 1995 before her Lion King success
and returned to it for her first movie.
http://www.geocities.com/hopkinsfanatic/titusnyt.htm
http://www.culturekiosque.com/nouveau/cinema/rhevideo2.html
http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qa3768/is_200401/ai_n9394382
http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qa3768/is_200201/ai_n9057295
http://www-tech.mit.edu/Shakespeare/titus/index.html
http://www.answers.com/topic/senecan-tragedy






Carthage and Ancient North Africa

1.  Geology, Prehistory, and Historiography
(images and outline of the slide lecture)
http://www.mmdtkw.org/CNAf001GeologyPrehistoryHistroriography.html
2.  Phoenicians
(images and outline of the slide lecture)
http://www.mmdtkw.org/CNAf002PhoeniciansCarthaginians.html
3.  First Punic War
(images and outline of the slide lecture)
http://www.mmdtkw.org/CNAf003FirstPunicWar.html
4.  Mercenary War and Barcid Spain
(images and outline of the slide lecture)
http://www.mmdtkw.org/CNAf004MercenaryWarBarcidSpain.html
5.  Second Punic War
(images and outline of the slide lecture)
http://www.mmdtkw.org/CNAf005SecondPunicWar.html
6.  Scipio Africanus:  The Defeat of Hannibal -- 1937 Fascist Epic Film
http://www.ihffilm.com/22789.html
7.  Third Punic War
(images and outline of the slide lecture)
http://www.mmdtkw.org/CNAf007ThirdPunicWar.html
8.  Roman Carthage
(images and outline of the slide lecture)
http://www.mmdtkw.org/CNAf0008RomanCarthage.html
9.  Christian Carthage
(images and outline of the slide lecture)
http://www.mmdtkw.org/CNAf009ChristianCarthage.html
10. Jupiter's Darling -- Esther Williams saves Rome from Hannibal in 1955
http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0048239/
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jupiter's_Darling_(film)






Vesuvius, Pompeii, Herculaneum, and environs
1.  Pompeii, the Last DayIntroduction http://www.mmdtkw.org/ALRItkwVes01IntroBurial.html
http://www.mmdtkw.org/ALRItkwVesUnit01Images.html
2.  Volcanism, Seismology, Geology http://www.mmdtkw.org/ALRItkwVesUnit01Geology.html
http://www.mmdtkw.org/ALRItkwVesUnit01Images.html
3.  Excavation History  http://www.mmdtkw.org/ALRItkwVes02Excavations.html
http://www.mmdtkw.org/ALRItkwVesUnit02Images.html
4.  Art and Architecture
(images and outline of the slide lecture)
http://www.mmdtkw.org/ALRItkwVes07ArchitectureArt.html
5.  Pompeii
(images and outline of the slide lecture)
http://www.mmdtkw.org/ALRItkwVes03Pompeii.html
6.  Herculaneum
(images and outline of the slide lecture)
http://www.mmdtkw.org/ALRItkwVes04Herculaneum.html
7.  Villa of the Mysteries
(images and outline of the slide lecture)
http://www.mmdtkw.org/ALRItkwVes05VillaMysteries.html
8.  Villae Rusticae
(images and outline of the slide lecture)
http://www.mmdtkw.org/ALRItkwVes06VillaeRusticae.html
9a. Campi Flegrei / Baiae Bay
(images and outline of the slide lecture)
http://www.mmdtkw.org/ALRItkwVes08CampiFlegrei.html
9b. American super-calderas
(images and outline of the slide lecture)
http://www.mmdtkw.org/ALRItkwVes09SuperVolcano.html
10. SuperVolcano

-- Additional Links for Vesuvius, Pompeii, Herculaneum, and environs

---- Volcanism, Seismology, Geology
---- Vesuvius
---- Pompeii and Villa of the Mysteries
---- Four "Pompeian" fresco styles
---- Art and Architecture (all sites)
---- Herculaneum
---- Oplontis
---- Campi Flegrei
---- Puteoli
---- Baiae
---- Stabiae
---- The American super calderas
---- Miscelaneous

Ancient Rome




Note that Internet links are notoriously volatile -- the page to
which an Internet
link is attached can disappear at any time.
I have no control over whether a
page to which I link will be
there tomorrow or the next day.  If you come upon
a blank or
missing page, the easiest remedy is to use a search engine (e.g.,

Google) to look for your topic. 
1. Approaching Ancient Rome http://www.mmdtkw.org/ALRItkwRom101oneHandout.html
http://www.mmdtkw.org/ALRItkwRom101HighLowlights.html
http://www.mmdtkw.org/ALRItkwRom101BasicTopo.html
http://www.mmdtkw.org/ALRIAncRomUnit1Slides.html
2. Roots, Foundation Myths, Kings of Rome http://www.mmdtkw.org/ALRIAncRomUnit2Slides.html
3. Republican Rome http://www.mmdtkw.org/ALRIAncRomUnit3Slides.html
4, Carthage and the Punic Wars http://www.mmdtkw.org/ALRIAncRomUnit4Slides.html
5. Disintegration of the Republic http://www.mmdtkw.org/ALRIAncRomUnit5Slides.html
6. Augustus Principate and Julio Claudians (27 BC - 68 AD)  http://www.mmdtkw.org/ALRIAncRomUnit6Slides.html
7. Flavians (69 - 96), Antonines -- Five Good Emperors and Commodus (96 -192) http://www.mmdtkw.org/ALRIAncRomUnit7Slides.html
8. Long decline -- Severans and Soldier Emperors (193 - 284)
Diocletian, Constantine  (285 - 337)
Barbarians take over the West (337 - 476)
http://www.mmdtkw.org/ALRIAncRomUnit8Slides.html
9.  Everyday life in Rome http://www.mmdtkw.org/ALRIAncRomUnit9Slides.html
10.  Western Civ -- Our Roman Heritage http://www.mmdtkw.org/ALRIAncRomUnit10Slides.html
-- Additional Links for Ancient Rome
---- Basics
---- People
---- Miscellaneous

Medieval Rome 

Course Handout in three formats
:
http://www.mmdtkw.org/MedievalRomeFall2010.doc
http://www.mmdtkw.org/MedievalRomeFall2010.docx
http://www.mmdtkw.org/MedievalRomeFall2010.pdf
1. Medieval Timeline and Constantine's Legacy
http://www.mmdtkw.org/MedRomUnit0100-0PixList.html
2. Barbarians -- Huns, Goths, Vandals, et al
http://www.mmdtkw.org/MedRomUnit0200-0PixList.html
3. Gregory and other Popes
http://www.mmdtkw.org/MedRomUnit0300-0PixList.html
4. Exarchs and Other Eastern Influences
http://www.mmdtkw.org/MedRomUnit0400-0PixList.html
5. Benedict and later monks -- monasteries
http://www.mmdtkw.org/MedRomUnit0500-0PixList.html
6. Franks and Holy Romans
http://www.mmdtkw.org/MedRomUnit0600-0PixList.html
7. Economic evolution/devolution
http://www.mmdtkw.org/MedRomUnit0700-0PixList.html
8. Late medieval -- Architecture
http://www.mmdtkw.org/MedRomUnit0800-0PixList.html
9. Late medieval -- Writers and Artists
http://www.mmdtkw.org/MedRomUnit0900-0PixList.html
10.  Late medieval -- Cola, Plagues, and other opportunities
http://www.mmdtkw.org/MedRomUnit1000-0PixList.html
-- Additional Links for Medieval Rome
---- Basics
---- People
---- Miscellaneous

Renaissance Rome Who said it?
http://www.mmdtkw.org/RenRom0003-Says Who.htm

Lord Acton's 1906 description of the Renaissance:
http://www.mmdtkw.org/RenRom0001-IntroActon.htm
1. The Medieval Legacy http://www.mmdtkw.org/RenRomUnit01MedievalLegacy.html
Captioned images for unit 1:

http://www.mmdtkw.org/RenRomUnit0100-0PixList.html
2. Florence and Rome http://www.mmdtkw.org/RenRomUnit02RomeFlorence.html
Captioned images for unit 2:
http://www.mmdtkw.org/RenRomUnit0200-0PixList.html
3. Scholasticism yields to Humanism http://www.mmdtkw.org/RenRomUnit03Humanism.html
Captioned images for unit 3:

http://www.mmdtkw.org/RenRomUnit0300-0PixList.html
4. The Church and the popes -- patrons and rulers http://www.mmdtkw.org/RenRomUnit04PapacyChurch.html
Captioned images for unit 4:
http://www.mmdtkw.org/RenRomUnit0400-0PixList.html
5. Roman Renaissance literature http://www.mmdtkw.org/RenRomUnit05Literature.html
Captioned images for unit 5:
http://www.mmdtkw.org/RenRomUnit0500-0PixList.html
6. Architecture -- churches and palaces http://www.mmdtkw.org/RenRom0600-ArchitectIntro.html
Captioned images for unit 6:
http://www.mmdtkw.org/RenRomUnit0600-0PixList.html
7. Art and Artists http://www.mmdtkw.org/RenRom0700-ArtArtistsIntro.html
Captioned images for unit 7:
http://www.mmdtkw.org/RenRomUnit0700-0PixList.html
8. Sack of Rome 1527 -- end of the Roman Renaissance? http://www.mmdtkw.org/RenRom0800-Sack1527Intro.html
Captioned images for unit 8:
http://www.mmdtkw.org/RenRomUnit0800-0PixList.html
9. Historians and diarists and acuracy http://www.mmdtkw.org/RenRom0900-HistoriogrIntro.html
Captioned images for unit 9:
http://www.mmdtkw.org/RenRomUnit0900-0PixList.html
10. Controversies:  Copernicus, Bruno, Galileo, Borgias, "DaVinci Code" http://www.mmdtkw.org/RenRom1000-Controversies.html
Captioned images for unit 10:
http://www.mmdtkw.org/RenRomUnit1000-0PixList.html
-- Additional Links for Renaissance Rome
---- Basics
---- People
---- Miscellaneous


Ancient Rome Links

Ancient Basics
-----------------------------------------------------
Theodor Mommsen's History of Rome http://ancienthistory.about.com/od/romehistorians/a/mommsencontents.htm
Dictionary of Ancient Rome (about.com) http://ancienthistory.about.com/cs/rome/
University of Pennsylvania Museum -- Roman and Etruscan galleries in Philadelphia Reopened http://www.museum.upenn.edu/new/worlds_intertwined/main.shtml
Highlights and Lowlights of Ancient Roman History http://www.mmdtkw.org/ALRItkwRom101HighLowlights.html
Rome -- Basic Topography:  Hills and Valleys http://www.mmdtkw.org/ALRItkwRom101BasicTopo.html
Roman Chronology http://www.mmdtkw.org/ALRItkwRom101RomanChron.html
Roman Kings http://www.mmdtkw.org/VRomanKings.html
Chron List of Roman Emperors from DIR http://www.roman-emperors.org/impindex.htm
Marcus Vitruvius Polio's ten books, De Archutectura (about 40 BC) (worked for Julius Caesar and Caesar Augustus) http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/L/Roman/Texts/Vitruvius/home.html
and http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.02.0073&layout=&loc=1.preface%201&query=toc
and -- in Latin -- http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.02.0072&layout=&loc=1.preface%201&query=toc
Cesare Cesariano's illustrations for De Architectura (1521) http://rubens.anu.edu.au/htdocs/bytype/arch.sources/vitruvius/
Andrea Palladio's Four Books on Architecture (1570) http://andrea.gsd.harvard.edu/palladio/qlibri.html
Antoine Babuty Desgodetz, Illustrations from Les Edifices antiques de Rome (1682 -- 1779 Edition) http://rubens.anu.edu.au/htdocs/bytype/arch.sources/desgodetz/index.html
Sebastiano Serlio Bolognese, Images from De Architectura Libri Quinque (16th century) http://rubens.anu.edu.au/htdocs/bytype/arch.sources/serlio/
Sextus Julius Frontinus on the Water Supply of Rome (De Aquis urbis Romae) (end of 1st century AD) (water commissioner under Nerva and Trajan) http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Roman/Texts/Frontinus/De_Aquis/text*.html
and -- in Latin -- http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/L/Roman/Texts/Frontinus/De_Aquis/text*.html
Lacus Curtius - Roman Antiquities (Thayer) http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Roman/home.html
Smith Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities (Thayer) http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Roman/Texts/secondary/SMIGRA*/home*.html
Smith Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities (Perseus) http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.04.0063
Smith Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (Perseus) http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.04.0064
Platner Topographic Dictionary of Ancient Rome http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Gazetteer/Places/Europe/Italy/Lazio/Roma/Rome/_Texts/PLATOP*/home*.html
or   http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/PR/platner.ann.html
Piranesi's drawings of Ancient Rome http://sights.seindal.dk/sight/873_Engravings_by_Piranesi.html (137 pictures are available,
large format, of complete drawings)
  and http://rubens.anu.edu.au/htdocs/bytype/
prints/piranesi/index.html
(Many hundred pictures are are available of complete drawings and details.  The
Rubens pages also have links to drawings by others. Use links at the bottom of
each page to go to additional index pages.)
Diotima - Women and Gender in the Ancient World http://www.stoa.org/diotima/
Feminae Romanae http://web.mac.com/heraklia/Dominae/
Photo Archive (Seindal) http://sights.seindal.dk/
Famous Romans (Seindal) http://sights.seindal.dk/sight/769_Romans.html
Maecenas - Images of Ancient Greece and Rome (Leo C. Curran) http://wings.buffalo.edu/AandL/Maecenas/
Ancient Rome: Images and Pictures (Just) http://myweb.lmu.edu/fjust/Rome.htm
Art History Resources/Ancient Rome (Witcombe) http://witcombe.sbc.edu/ARTHrome.html
Encyclopedia Romana (good reconstruction drawings) http://penelope.uchicago.edu/~grout/encyclopaedia_romana/index.html
Online Medieval and Classical Library
http://omacl.org/author.html
Rome - Republic to Empire (McManus) http://www.vroma.org/~bmcmanus/romanpages.html
Ancient Rome in Film, Fiction, Fact, and Cyberspace (McManus)
 
Part 1 http://www.vroma.org/~bmcmanus/anromassign.html
Part 2 http://www.vroma.org/~bmcmanus/anromassign2.html
Part 3 http://www.vroma.org/~bmcmanus/anromassign3.html
Ancient Rome (Teacher Oz) http://www.teacheroz.com/romans.htm
Rome from Livius.org http://www.livius.org/rome.html
Reading Rome's Ruins http://www.ibiblio.org/expo/vatican.exhibit/exhibit/b-archeology/Archaeology.html
Images of Rome (Koskimies) http://www2.siba.fi/~kkoskim/imbas/roma/startpage.php?lang=en&action=1
Slavery in Rome http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Roman/Texts/secondary/SMIGRA*/Servus.html
History of Rome by Dio Cassius (Written 200-222 AD) (Full English Text) http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Roman/Texts/Cassius_Dio/
Virgil's Aeneid -- Roman Foundation myths (Full English Text) http://classics.mit.edu/Virgil/aeneid.html
Tacitus, works (Full English Text) http://classics.mit.edu/Browse/browse-Tacitus.html
Deeds of Augustus, by Augustus (Full English Text) http://classics.mit.edu/Augustus/deeds.html
Caesar's Wars, by Caesar (Full English Texts) http://classics.mit.edu/Browse/browse-Caesar.html
Hirtius (Continues Caesar's Gallic Wars) (Full English Text) http://classics.mit.edu/Hirtius/hirt.gal.html
Cicero's works (Full English Texts) http://classics.mit.edu/Browse/browse-Cicero.html
Tacitus:  Annals and Histories (Full English Text) http://classics.mit.edu/Browse/browse-Tacitus.html
Plutarch Lives (Full English Texts) (Dryden trans.) http://classics.mit.edu/Browse/browse-Plutarch.html
Livy History of Rome "Ab Urbe Condita" (Full English Text) http://classics.mit.edu/Livy/liv.html
Josephus (Vespasian and Titus in the Middle East) (Full English Text) http://classics.mit.edu/Browse/browse-Josephus.html
Many more Greek and Latin Classics, many with English Translations, from Persius http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cache/perscoll_Greco-Roman.html
Lucan's "Pharsalia" -- Civil War between Caesar and Pompey (Full English Text) http://sunsite.berkeley.edu/OMACL/Pharsalia/
Suetonius, "Twelve Caesars" and "Illustrious Men" (Full English Texts) http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/ancient/suetonius-index.html
Vegetius, "De Re Militari" -- Still an influential book on military organization and methods (Full text in English) http://www.pvv.ntnu.no/~madsb/home/war/vegetius/
Roman Civil Law (Texts in English) http://www.constitution.org/sps/sps.htm
Plutarch Lives http://classics.mit.edu/Browse/browse-Plutarch.html
http://digital.library.upenn.edu/webbin/gutbook/lookup?num=674
http://ancienthistory.about.com/library/bl/bl_text_plutarch.htm
Ancient History Sourcebook Rome sources (Halsall) http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/ancient/asbook09.html
Gibbon -- Decline and Fall (Full Text) http://www.ccel.org/g/gibbon/decline/home.html
De Quincy -- The Caesars (Full Text) http://ibiblio.org/gutenberg/etext04/7csrs10.txt
Lanciani:  Ancient Rome in the Light of Recent Discoveries -- 1888 (Full English Text) http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Gazetteer/Places/Europe/Italy/Lazio/Roma/Rome/_Texts/Lanciani/LANARD/home.html
Lanciani:  Pagan and Christian Rome http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Gazetteer/Places/Europe/Italy/Lazio/Roma/Rome/_Texts/Lanciani/LANPAC/home.html
Subterranean Rome -- Everything below the surface (in sometimes idiosyncratic machine translation) http://www.underome.com/
Tiber River, Bridges, Tiber Island  (Just) http://catholic-resources.org/AncientRome/
Ostia, Ancient Rome's Port http://www.ostia-antica.org/
Pompeii http://www.iath.virginia.edu/pompeii/page-1.html , and
http://wings.buffalo.edu/AandL/Maecenas/italy_except_rome_and_sicily/pompeii/section_contents.html , and
http://cti.itc.virginia.edu/~jjd5t/cww/1997/report2.html , and
Bryn Mawr Classical Review (BMCR) -- Reviews of books on classical subjects --  includes link to BMCR Archives and free eMail subscription to BMCR http://ccat.sas.upenn.edu/bmcr/
Perseus Digital Library (Tufts) http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/
Ancient Rome's Peak Population http://www.mmdtkw.org/VOstia.html
Pronunciation of Latin http://ancienthistory.about.com/od/latinlanguage/qt/latinpronounce.htm
Latin Studies Background Essays http://community.middlebury.edu/~harris/SubIndex/latinbackg.html
Latin Authors Background Essays http://community.middlebury.edu/~harris/SubIndex/latinauthors.html


Ancient People
---------------------
Augustus Rebuilds Rome http://www.mmdtkw.org/VAugustusRebuilds.html
Aurelian http://www.mmdtkw.org/VAurelian.html
Brutus -- et tu http://www.mmdtkw.org/VBrutus.html
Caligula http://www.mmdtkw.org/VCaligula.html
Cassius -- Lean and Hungry http://www.mmdtkw.org/VCassius.html
Castor and Pollux http://www.mmdtkw.org/VCastorPollux.html
Cicero http://www.mmdtkw.org/VCicero.html
Cleopatra http://www.mmdtkw.org/VCleopatra.html
Commodus http://www.mmdtkw.org/VCommodus.html
Commodus BMCR Review http://ccat.sas.upenn.edu/bmcr/2003/2003-07-11.html
Constantine - Constantinople http://www.mmdtkw.org/VConstantinople2002.html
Constantine's Vision http://www.mmdtkw.org/VConstantSunDogs.html
Galla Placida - Woman with Connections http://www.mmdtkw.org/VGallaPlacida.html
Hadrian and the Hadrianeum http://www.mmdtkw.org/VHadrian.html
Helen, Mother of Constantine http://www.mmdtkw.org/VHelen.html
Hercules (Herakles) in Rome http://www.mmdtkw.org/VHerculesInRome.html
Horace http://www.mmdtkw.org/VHorace.html
Livia http://www.mmdtkw.org/VLivia.html
Maecenas http://www.mmdtkw.org/VMaecenas.html
Nero http://www.mmdtkw.org/VNero.html
Ovid http://www.mmdtkw.org/VOvid.html
Pertinax - Emperor Elvis http://www.mmdtkw.org/VPertinax.html
Polybius http://www.mmdtkw.org/VPolybius.html
Pompey magnus - Caesar's Rival http://www.mmdtkw.org/VPompeyMagnus.html
Romulus Augustulus http://www.mmdtkw.org/VRomulusAug.html
Trajan's Rome - Link to a comprehensive site http://www.mmdtkw.org/VTrajan.html
Vergil/Virgil http://www.mmdtkw.org/VVergil.html
Vespasian http://www.mmdtkw.org/VVespasian.html
Vestals http://www.mmdtkw.org/VVestal.html
Zenobia http://www.mmdtkw.org/VZenobia.html






Ancient Places
--------------------
Basilica of Maxentius (Completed by Constantine) http://www.mmdtkw.org/VBasCons.html
Baths in Rome http://www.mmdtkw.org/VBaths.html
Bridges in Rome http://www.mmdtkw.org/VBridgesSublicius.html
Capitoline Hill http://www.mmdtkw.org/VCapitoline.html
Capitoline Museums http://www.mmdtkw.org/VCapMuseums.html
Carcer (Mamertine) Prison http://www.mmdtkw.org/VCarcer.html
Castrense Amphitheatre http://www.mmdtkw.org/VCastrense.html
Colosseum http://www.mmdtkw.org/VColosseum.html
Crypta and theatrum Balbi http://www.mmdtkw.org/VCryptaBalbi.html
Cryptoporticus Salustiani http://www.mmdtkw.org/VCryptoporticusSallustiani.html
Fori Imperiali - Imperial Forums http://www.mmdtkw.org/VForiImperiali.html
Forum Romanum - Republican Forum http://www.mmdtkw.org/VForumRom.html
Hadrian's Villa in Tivoli (Tiburtina) http://www.mmdtkw.org/VHadrianVilla.html
Julius Caesar's Temple http://www.mmdtkw.org/VJuliusTemple.html
Largo Argentina - Temples: Area Sacra http://www.mmdtkw.org/VLargArg.html
Marcus Aurelius (Antonine) Column http://www.mmdtkw.org/VMarAurColumn.html
Marcus Aurelius Statue on the Capitoline http://www.mmdtkw.org/VMAurelius.html
Museum: Palazzo Massimo alle Terme http://www.mmdtkw.org/VMassimoTerme.html
Milvian Bridge http://www.mmdtkw.org/VMilvianBridge.html
Obelisks in Rome http://www.mmdtkw.org/VObelisks.html
Ostia - Rome's Port http://www.mmdtkw.org/VOstia.html
Palatine Hill http://www.mmdtkw.org/VPalatine.html
Pantheon http://www.mmdtkw.org/VPantheon2002.html
Pompeii -- City Destroyed by Vesuvius http://www.mmdtkw.org/VPompeii.html
Pompey Theatre, Rome http://www.theaterofpompey.com/
Popular political power in Ancient Rome http://www.mmdtkw.org/VPowerPopolus.html
Porticus Octaviae - Octavia's Porch http://www.mmdtkw.org/VPorticusOctaviae.html
Portus - New Port North of Ostia http://www.mmdtkw.org/VPortus.html
Pyramid of Cestius http://www.mmdtkw.org/VPyramid.html
Roman Curia http://www.mmdtkw.org/VRomanCuria.html
Rome's Hills http://www.mmdtkw.org/VRomanHills.html
Rostrum in the Forum http://www.mmdtkw.org/VRostrum.html
Temple of Julius Caesar http://www.mmdtkw.org/VTempleCaesar.html
Temple of Venus and Rome http://www.mmdtkw.org/VTempleVenusRome.html
Testaccio - Rome's mountain of oil jars http://www.mmdtkw.org/VTestaccio.html
Teatro Marcello - Theater of Marcellus http://www.mmdtkw.org/VTheatMarc.html
Tiber Island http://www.mmdtkw.org/VTiberIsland.html
Tivoli http://www.mmdtkw.org/VTivoli.html
Trajan's Column (and links to Trajan's Forum) http://www.mmdtkw.org/VTrajanColumn.html
Via Apia http://www.mmdtkw.org/VViaAppia.html
Via Tiburtina http://www.mmdtkw.org/VViaTiburtina.html
Walls of Rome http://www.mmdtkw.org/VWalls.html






Ancient Miscellaneous
-------------------------------------
Ancient Literature Links http://www.mmdtkw.org/litAncient.html
Carthage - Punic Wars http://www.mmdtkw.org/VCarthage.html
Chariot Racing http://www.mmdtkw.org/VSweetChariot.html
Classics in Print http://www.mmdtkw.org/VClassicsLoeb.html
Curses http://www.mmdtkw.org/VCurses.html
Digging - Archeological job opportunities http://www.mmdtkw.org/VDigIn.html
Etruscan league http://www.mmdtkw.org/VEtruscanLeague.html
Founding Myths of Rome http://www.mmdtkw.org/VFoundMyths.html
Hills of Rome Mnemonic http://www.mmdtkw.org/VHillsMnemonic.html
Ides of March http://www.mmdtkw.org/VIdesMarch.html
Itinerant Horses http://www.mmdtkw.org/VHorses2002.html
Italian Artifacts - Exportation http://www.mmdtkw.org/VItalyArtifacts.html
Latin Language
-- Church Latin
-- Church Latin Pronunciation
-- Classics - Latin Resources
-- Electronic Text Center - Latin
-- Labyrinth Medieval Latin
-- Latin and the Vernaculars
-- Latin Background Essays
-- Latin Language Resources
-- Latin Place Names
-- Latin Pronunciation (UGa)
-- Latin Pronunciation (UTexas)
-- Latin Resources Collection
-- Latin Resources (CSUS)
-- Latin Web Resources
-- Orbis Latinus
-- Perseus Latin Dictionary
---- Latin Dictionary Mirror (Oxford)
---- Latin Dictionary Mirror (U of C)
-- Vulgar Latin




http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/09019a.htm
http://www.math.nyu.edu/~wendlc/pronunciation/Latin.html
http://www.georgetown.edu/faculty/irvinem/classics203/resources/resources.html
http://etext.lib.virginia.edu/latin.html
http://labyrinth.georgetown.edu/display.cfm?Action=View&Category=Latin
http://www.ucalgary.ca/applied_history/tutor/firsteuro/lang.html
http://community.middlebury.edu/~harris/SubIndex/latinbackg.html
http://www.cs.utk.edu/~mclennan/OM/grk-lat.html#latin
http://as3.lib.byu.edu/%7Ecatalog/people/rlm/latin/names.htm
http://64.233.161.104/search?q=cache:vgh50xeTeFEJ:www.ai.uga.edu/~mc/latinpro.pdf+latin+pronunciation&hl=en&ie=UTF-8&client=googlet
http://www.utexas.edu/courses/cc303/sounds/
http://www.24hourtranslations.co.uk/resources.htm
http://www.csus.edu/indiv/r/rileymt/course1/resource.htm
http://www.arts.cuhk.edu.hk/Lexis/Latin/resources.html
http://www.orbilat.com/
http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/resolveform?lang=Latin
http://perseus.csad.ox.ac.uk/
http://perseus.uchicago.edu/cgi-bin/resolveform
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vulgar_Latin
(Note that "Wikipedia" is an "on-line encyclopedia" to which anyone 
can contribute and which can be edited by anyone.  It has no peer 
review and, thus, must be taken  "cum grano salis".)
Ludi Romani - Roman Games http://www.mmdtkw.org/VLudiRomani.html
Lupercalia http://www.mmdtkw.org/VLupercalia2002.html
Mithraism http://www.mmdtkw.org/VMithraism.html
Nomination - Roman Names http://www.mmdtkw.org/VNames.html
Purple - the color of power http://www.mmdtkw.org/VPurple.html
Pre-Columbian Romans???? - Not likely!!!! http://www.mmdtkw.org/VRomanAmerica.html
Roman Amusements -- ball and board games http://www.personal.psu.edu/users/w/x/wxk116/romeball.html
http://www.personal.psu.edu/users/w/x/wxk116/roma/rbgames.html
Roman Clothing and
the Toga
http://www.mmdtkw.org/VRomanClothing.html
http://www.mmdtkw.org/VToga.html
Roman Education http://www.mmdtkw.org/VRomanEducation.html
Roman Food -- Recipes http://www-2.cs.cmu.edu/~mjw/recipes/ethnic/ancient-rome/index.html
Roman Glass http://www.mmdtkw.org/VRomanGlass2002.html
Roman Deities http://ancienthistory.about.com/library/bl/bl_gregory_gods.htm
Roman Marriage http://www.mmdtkw.org/VRomanMarriage.html
Roman Medicine http://www.mmdtkw.org/VRomanMarriage.html
Roman Money http://www.mmdtkw.org/VRomanMoney.html
Roman Music and Musical Instruments http://www.soundcenter.it/index.html 
Roman Roads http://www.mmdtkw.org/VRomanRoads.html
Roman Water http://www.mmdtkw.org/VRomanWater.html
Roman Wines http://www.mmdtkw.org/VRomanWine.html
Rome Expansion http://www.mmdtkw.org/VRomeExpan.html
Rome Military http://www.mmdtkw.org/VRomeMilitary.html
Roman Romance and Kissing http://www.mmdtkw.org/VRomRom.html
Roman Stone http://www.mmdtkw.org/VStone.html
Thumbs Up http://www.mmdtkw.org/VThumbsUp.html
Toga http://www.mmdtkw.org/VToga.html
Travertine Stone http://www.mmdtkw.org/VTravertine.html
Twelve Tables and the US Bill of Rights http://www.mmdtkw.org/VTwelveTables.html
Van Deman - First American Woman Archeologist in Rome http://www.mmdtkw.org/VVanDeman.html
Vatican Museums http://mv.vatican.va/3_EN/pages/MV_Home.html


Medieval Rome Links
Medieval Basics
-------------------------------------------------------
Accuracy in Medieval Trivia http://historymedren.about.com/library/weekly/aa061400a.htm
All the Popes http://www.italycyberguide.com/History/popes/popes.htm
Art in the middle Ages http://witcombe.sbc.edu/ARTHmedieval.html
Ancient Atlas http://ancienthistory.about.com/library/bl/bl_maps_index.htm
Medieval Atlas http://historymedren.about.com/library/weekly/aa071000a.htm
World Atlas http://geography.about.com/library/maps/blindex.htm
Chiese di Roma - Hulsen http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/I/Gazetteer/Places/Europe/Italy/Lazio/Roma/Rome/churches/_Texts/Huelsen/HUECHI*/home.html
Churches of Rome - Nyborg http://roma.katolsk.no/
Churches of Rome - Thayer http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Gazetteer/Places/Europe/Italy/Lazio/Roma/Rome/churches/links*.html
Ecclesiology - church history http://www.mcauley.acu.edu.au/~yuri/ecc/
Medieval studies resources http://www.sas.upenn.edu/~ekondrat/medieval.html
Gibbon - Decline and Fall http://www.ccel.org/g/gibbon/decline/volume1/index.htm
Halsall Medieval History http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/medieval.html#outline
Medieval History - Wisc http://dpls.dacc.wisc.edu/Catasto/cat_other.html
Postclassical period - Bartleby Encyclopedia http://www.bartleby.com/67/276.html
Imperial Christianity - Synthesis http://www.newgenevacenter.org/west/imp-christianity.htm
Italian Medieval history WWW Virtua Library http://vlib.iue.it/hist-italy/medieval.html
National Historical Bibliography - Italy http://www-sul.stanford.edu/depts/ssrg/medieval/natita.html
Labyrinth Medieval Resources http://labyrinth.georgetown.edu/
Yale Medieval Resources http://www.library.yale.edu/Internet/medieval.html
Medieval Art at the Met http://www.metmuseum.org/collections/department.asp?dep=17
Medieva - Met Cloisters http://www.metmuseum.org/collections/department.asp?dep=7
History Medren http://historymedren.miningco.com/cs/medievalitaly/index.htm
Medieval Images - Italy http://www.soton.ac.uk/~pes1/special/images.html
Medieval Music and Arts http://www.medieval.org/
Medieval Rome -- RomeArtLover http://www.romeartlover.it/Mages.htm
Medieval Graphics http://www.godecookery.com/clipart/clart.htm
Medievo Italiano - in Italian http://www.medioevoitaliano.it/
Medievo Roma - in italian http://www.medioevo.roma.it/_home.htm
Netserf http://www.netserf.org/
Nuxnet http://www.medievalarthistory.com/
Medieval World http://history.evansville.net/medieval.html
Orb Medieval Studies - CUNY http://www.the-orb.net/
Saints in Art http://www.unf.edu/classes/saints/saintsinart.htm
SestoAcuto Torri di Roma http://www.sestoacuto.it/biblio/saggi/torri/
Sourcebook End of Classical World http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/sbook1b.html
Sourcebook Maps ans Images http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/sbookmap.html
Sourcebook Medieval http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/sbook.html
Sourcebook Medieval Economic Life http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/sbook1j.html
ET in Medieval Times http://www.etcontact.net/Other/MedievalArt/MedievalArt.htm
Web Gallery of Art http://www.kfki.hu/~arthp/index.html
Web Museum Les Tres Riches Heures http://www.ibiblio.org/wm/rh/
Online Medieval and Classical Library
http://omacl.org/author.html


Medieval People
---------------------
History Medren Who's who? http://historymedren.about.com/library/who/blwwitldex.htm
Charlemagne
http://historymedren.about.com/b/a/242509.htm


Medieval Miscellaneous
------------------------------------
History of the Church - apostolic age http://www.mcauley.acu.edu.au/~yuri/ecc/chap4.html
Dark Age Web http://www.fernweb.pwp.blueyonder.co.uk/mf/
DIR Medieval Atlas http://www.roman-emperors.org/Index.htm
FirstEurop Tutorials http://www.ucalgary.ca/applied_history/tutor/firsteuro/chapter.html
Schism http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/13535a.htm
http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/13539a.htm
http://www.philthompson.net/pages/library/schism.html
http://www.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Schism
(Note that "Wikipedia" is an "on-line encyclopedia" to which anyone 
can contribute and which can be edited by anyone.  It has no peer 
review and, thus, must be taken  "cum grano salis".)
http://www.stjohndc.org/Homilies/9606a.htm
Heresies http://www.newadvent.org/fathers/0622.htm
http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/01707c.htm
http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/11044a.htm
http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/07256b.htm
http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/09591a.htm
History Guide TOC -- see 14 and following http://www.historyguide.org/ancient/ancient.html#table
History of Western Civilizatio -- Primary Sources
                                                    Secondary Sources
                                                    Trails - side alleys
http://history.boisestate.edu/westciv/medieval/primary.shtml
http://history.boisestate.edu/westciv/medieval/secondary.shtml
http://history.boisestate.edu/westciv/medieval/trails.shtml
Exarchate http://www.kessler-web.co.uk/History/KingListsEurope/ItalyRavenna.htm
http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Gazetteer/Places/Europe/Italy/Emilia-Romagna/Ravenna/Ravenna/Ravenna/_Periods/medieval/Exarchate/Britannica_1911*.html
Bishops of Rome/Popes http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/12272b.htm
Krautheimers Rome -- tkw http://www.mmdtkw.org/VKrautheimerRome.html
Medieval Combat Organizations http://www.romanempire.net/romepage/Links/FightingLinks.htm
Society for Creative Anachronism - SCA http://www.sca.org/
Cartographic Images http://www.henry-davis.com/MAPS/EMwebpages/EML.html
Labyrinth Italian Library http://www.georgetown.edu/labyrinth/library/it/it.html
Mediev-L Archives http://www.ku.edu/carrie/archives/mediev-l/
Medieval Latin Lit http://www.factmonster.com/ce6/ent/A0859557.html
Medievo Italiano http://www.medioevoitaliano.org/
Spolia http://www.spolia.it/
De Re Militari http://www.deremilitari.org/
Ecclesiastical terminology, Medieval http://home.olemiss.edu/~tjray/tjr9.html
Rievocazioni Medievali http://www.medioevo.ws/
Relic Translations http://www.aiac.org/Aiac_News/AiacNews35/Goodson.htm
Vatican Museums http://mv.vatican.va/3_EN/pages/MV_Home.html


Renaissance Rome Links
Renaissance Basics
-----------------------------------------------------
Rome Reborn: Vatican Library and Renaissance Culture http://www.loc.gov/exhibits/vatican/arch.html
Burckhardt -- Civilization of Renaissance Italy http://www.boisestate.edu/courses/hy309/docs/burckhardt/burckhardt.html
Vatican City Art http://www.christusrex.org/www1/citta/0-Citta.html
Italian Architecture, Renaissance to Rococo http://www.ariadne.org/studio/michelli/renbarsyl.html
Metropolitan Museum (N.Y.) - Baroque Rome http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/baro/hd_baro.htm
Metropolitan Museum - Renaissance Italy Architecture http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/itar/hd_itar.htm
RomeArtLover Renaissance Rome Views -- dozens of Vasi's prints of renaissance structures accompanied by modern photos of the same sites http://www.romeartlover.it/Rena.htm
Renaissance History Websites  http://www2.sunysuffolk.edu/westn/renaissance.html
Roman Renaissance (Britannica subscription site) http://www.britannica.com/eb/article?eu=117430
Sack of Rome 1527 [tkw] http://www.mmdtkw.org/VSackRome.html
Roman School of Painting http://www.arts.monash.edu.au/visual_culture/projects/diva/giulia.html
Web Gallery of Art -- KFKI http://www.kfki.hu/~arthp/
Web Museum Artist Index http://www.ibiblio.org/wm/paint/auth/
Olga's Gallery indexes http://www.abcgallery.com/
ArtCyclopedia http://www.artcyclopedia.com/general/alphabetic.html
CGFA (Carol Gerten Fine Arts) -- Italian artist Index http://cgfa.sunsite.dk/italian.htm
Sistine Chapel -- kfki http://www.kfki.hu/~arthp/tours/sistina/
Renaissance Artists http://www.punahou.edu/libraries/cooke/renaissance_artists.html
Inovations and Artists http://www.eyeconart.net/history/Renaissance/early_ren.htm
Art History Resources -- Witcomb http://witcombe.sbc.edu/ARTHLinks.html
ArtHistoryNet - Renaissance http://www.arthistory.net/eras/renaissance.html
Thais  --  Italian Sculpture http://www.thais.it/scultura/default_uk.htm
Artserve -- ANU (Australia http://rubens.anu.edu.au/
History of Art Virtual Library http://www.chart.ac.uk/vlib/
Voice of the Shuttle Art History http://vos.ucsb.edu/browse.asp?id=2707
Marcus Vitruvius Polio's ten books, De Archutectura (about 40 BC) (worked for Julius Caesar and Caesar Augustus) http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Roman/Texts/Vitruvius/home.html
and http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.02.0073&layout=&loc=1.preface%201&query=toc
and -- in Latin -- http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.02.0072&layout=&loc=1.preface%201&query=toc
Cesare Cesariano's illustrations for De Architectura (1521) http://rubens.anu.edu.au/htdocs/bytype/arch.sources/vitruvius/
Andrea Palladio's Four Books on Architecture (1570) http://andrea.gsd.harvard.edu/palladio/qlibri.html
Antoine Babuty Desgodetz, Illustrations from Les Edifices antiques de Rome (1682 -- 1779 Edition) http://rubens.anu.edu.au/htdocs/bytype/arch.sources/desgodetz/index.html
Sebastiano Serlio Bolognese, Images from De Architectura Libri Quinque (16th century) http://rubens.anu.edu.au/htdocs/bytype/arch.sources/serlio/
Italian Renaissance Architecture -- ANU http://rubens.anu.edu.au/htdocs/surveys/italren/renarch/
and "next index page"
Renaissance and Baroque Architecture http://www.lib.virginia.edu/dic/colls/arh102/
National Galery (Washington) Collections http://www.nga.gov/collection/collect.htm
Renaissance -- OZ http://www.teacheroz.com/renaissance.htm
Italian Renaissance Art http://www.uml.edu/Dept/History/ArtHistory/Italian_Renaissance/11_12_13.htm
Michelangelo's Architecture http://hometown.aol.com/dtrofatter/micharch.htm
Renaissance Literature outline (scroll down t0 Italian) http://www.accd.edu/sac/english/bailey/renaissa.htm
Italian Literary Arts http://www.wsu.edu:8080/~dee/REN/LIT.HTM
CGFA Art Links http://cgfa.sunsite.dk/
Creative Impulse -- Renaissance http://history.evansville.net/renaissa.html
Neo-Latin Texts http://eee.uci.edu/~papyri/bibliography/




Renaissance People
-----------------------------------------------------
Boissard-Bry Engravings of Renaissance personages http://www.uni-mannheim.de/mateo/desbillons/aport.html
Pietro Bembo http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/02425e.htm
Chronological Pope List -- bios from the Catholic Encyclopedia 
-- Popes from 1400 to 1600 are numbers 204 to 232
http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/12272b.htm
Chronological Pope List -- bios, with pictures and links, from Wilipedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_popes
(Note that "Wikipedia" is an "on-line encyclopedia" to which anyone 
can contribute and which can be edited by anyone.  It has no peer 
review and, thus, must be taken  "cum grano salis".)
Italian Renaissance Families http://www.kfki.hu/~arthp/database/glossary/families/
"Renaissance Portraits" -- includes Davinci and Machiavelli http://www.historyguide.org/earlymod/lecture1c.html
-- Machiavelli's The Prince -- full English Translation http://www.ilt.columbia.edu/publications/machiavelli.html
Leonardo da Vinci -- not the spurious "code" http://www.historyguide.org/earlymod/leonardo.html
http://www.ibiblio.org/wm/paint/auth/vinci/
Marsilio Ficino http://easyweb.easynet.co.uk/~orpheus/ficino.htm
Verrocchio http://www.kfki.hu/~arthp/html/v/verocchi/index.html
Medici Family http://es.rice.edu/ES/humsoc/Galileo/People/medici.html
Visconti and Sforza Families http://www.ucalgary.ca/applied_history/tutor/endmiddle/bluedot/milan.html
Sandro Botticelli http://www.artchive.com/artchive/B/botticelli.html
Cesare Borgia by Raphael Sabatini http://arthurwendover.com/arthurs/sabatini/lcbga10.html
Borgias [tkw] http://www.mmdtkw.org/VBorgias.html
Lucretia Borgia d'Este http://www.mmdtkw.org/VLucretiad'Este.html
-- Court of Lucrezia Borgia at Ferarra http://www.vanderbilt.edu/htdocs/Blair/Courses/MUSL242/f98/borgia.htm
Michelangelo Bounarroti http://www.michelangelo.com/buonarroti.html
http://www.ibiblio.org/wm/paint/auth/michelangelo/
-- Michelangelo's Moses/Perer in Chains http://www.mmdtkw.org/VPeterChains.html
Raffaello Sanzio -- Raphael http://www.ibiblio.org/wm/paint/auth/raphael/
http://www.mmdtkw.org/VRaphael.html
--Raphael's paintings in Rome http://gallery.euroweb.hu/html/r/raphael/5roma/
---Raphael's erotic "Fornarina" http://gallery.euroweb.hu/art/r/raphael/5roma/5/06forna.jpg
Domenico Ghirlandaio http://www.ibiblio.org/wm/paint/auth/ghirlandaio/
Tiziano Vecellio -- Titian http://www.ibiblio.org/wm/paint/auth/titian/
Giovanni Bellini -- Titian's teacher http://www.ibiblio.org/wm/paint/auth/bellini/
Jacopo Robsti -- Tintoretto http://www.ibiblio.org/wm/paint/auth/tintoretto/
Paolo Caliari -- Veronese http://www.ibiblio.org/wm/paint/auth/veronese/
Donatello http://www.artchive.com/artchive/D/donatello.html
Gianlorenzo Bernini http://www.artchive.com/artchive/B/bernini.html
Michelangelo Merisi -- Caravagio http://www.artchive.com/artchive/C/caravaggio.html
http://www.mmdtkw.org/VCaravaggio.html
Annibale Carracci http://www.artchive.com/artchive/C/carracci.html
Antonio Allegri -- Corregio http://www.artchive.com/artchive/C/correggio.html
Fra Angelico http://www.artchive.com/artchive/F/fra_angelico.html
Lorenzo Ghiberti http://www.artchive.com/artchive/G/ghiberti.html
Domenico Ghirlandaio -- Michelangelo's teacher http://www.artchive.com/artchive/G/ghirlandaio.html
Giotto http://www.artchive.com/artchive/G/giotto.html
http://cgfa.sunsite.dk/giotto/
h ttp://www.mmdtkw.org/VGiotto.html
Giotto/Cavallini -- Assisi frescoes http://www.mmdtkw.org/VFrancisFrescoes.html
Piero della Francersca http://www.artchive.com/artchive/P/piero.html
KFKI Artist Index http://www.kfki.hu/~arthp/artist.html
Metropolitan Museum (N.Y.) artist index http://www.arthistory.net/eras/renaissance.html
Andrea Palladio http://www.boglewood.com/palladio/home.html
http://www.greatbuildings.com/architects/Andrea_Palladio.html
http://www.vitruvio.ch/arc/masters/palladio.php
http://www.artcyclopedia.com/artists/palladio_andrea.html
Ariosto http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/01712b.htm
--- Ariosto's Orlando Furioso (Full English Text)  http://sunsite.berkeley.edu/OMACL/Orlando/
Barberini http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/15218b.htm (Maffeo -- UrbanVIII)
http://www.mmdtkw.org/VBarberiniBees.html
Beatrice Cencii, murder  scandal http://www.mmdtkw.org/VBeatriceCenci.html
Borromini http://www.mmdtkw.org/VBorrominiUnhappy.html
--- Borromini's "Carlino"
--- Borromini's S.Agnese "in Agone"
http://www.mmdtkw.org/VCarlino2002.html
http://www.mmdtkw.org/VSantAgnese.html
Burchardt  "Argentinensis" http://www.mmdtkw.org/VBurcardo.html
Giordano Bruno http://www.mmdtkw.org/VCampoFiori.html
Charles Borromeo -- laughing saint http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/03619a.htm
Benvenuto Cellini -- evil genius http://www.mmdtkw.org/VCellini.html
Queen Christina of Sweden http://www.mmdtkw.org/VChristina.html
Pre-Columbian Columbus -- Papal Spy? http://www.mmdtkw.org/VEarlyColumbus.html
Galileo http://www.mmdtkw.org/VGalileo.html
Giambologna and his Cesarini Venus http://www.mmdtkw.org/VGiambolognaVenus.html
Pope Joan -- Renaissance Legend http://www.mmdtkw.org/VPopeJoan.html
Rienzi/Rienzo http://www.mmdtkw.org/VRienzi.html
Lorenzo Valla -- deflator of Constantine's "donation" http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/15257a.htm
http://history.hanover.edu/texts/vallatc.html
Giorgio Vasari http://www.mmdtkw.org/VVasari.html
-- Vasari's Florentine Corridor http://www.mmdtkw.org/VCorrVasariano.html
-- Vasari's Lives of Artists http://easyweb.easynet.co.uk/giorgio.vasari/list.htm
http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/basis/vasari/vasari-lives.html
http://www.artist-biography.info/
http://rubens.anu.edu.au/htdocs/teach/highren/text/vasari.menu.html




Renaissance miscellaneous
-----------------------------------------------------
Renaissance itinerary -- A Roman walk http://www.romeguide.it/passeggiate_romane/iteng10.htm
Tour of Renaissance Rome -- Another walk http://www.tours-italy.com/rome/renaissance.htm
Villa Giulia http://www.arts.monash.edu.au/visual_culture/projects/diva/giulia.html
12th Century "Little Renaissance" http://www.historyguide.org/ancient/lecture26b.html
Leonardo's Horse http://www.leonardoshorse.org
Leonardo's Bridge http://www.mmdtkw.org/VLeonardoBridge.html
Villa Borghese http://www.mmdtkw.org/VBorghese.html
Cancelleria -- Palazzo Rafaele Riario http://www.mmdtkw.org/VCancelleria.html
S. Carlo al Corso http://www.mmdtkw.org/VCarloCorso.html
Majolica pottery http://www.mmdtkw.org/VMajolica.html
Santa Maria in Vallicella http://www.mmdtkw.org/VMariaVallicella.html
Barocchetto Romano http://www.mmdtkw.org/VMonteDiPieta.html
Monte di Pieta -- Full Monty http://www.mmdtkw.org/VMonteDiPieta.html
St. Peter's, Old and "new" http://www.mmdtkw.org/VOldStPeters.html
Oratory of the Most Holy Crucifix  http://www.mmdtkw.org/VOratorioCrocifisso.html
Palazzo Altemps http://www.mmdtkw.org/VPalazzoAltemps.html
Alchemic Magic Door http://www.mmdtkw.org/VPortaMagica.html
Halsall History Sourcebooks http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/
Villa d'Este in Tivoli (Ippolito d'Este was Lucrezia Borgia d'Este's brother-in-law) http://www.mmdtkw.org/VVilladEste.html
Villa Giulia http://www.mmdtkw.org/VVillaGiulia.html
Villa Medici in Rome http://www.romeartlover.it/Vasi188.html
http://www.geocities.com/Paris/Arc/5319/roma-c10.htm
RomeArtLover Renaissance Rome Views -- dozens of Vasi's prints of renaissance structures accompanied by modern photos of the same sites http://www.romeartlover.it/Rena.htm
Vatican Museums http://mv.vatican.va/3_EN/pages/MV_Home.html
Interactive Nolli Map of Rome at the end of the Renaissance -- 1748 (also has satelite views of all of modern Rome) http://nolli.uoregon.edu/default.asp




Vesuvius, Pompeii, Herculaneum, environs links
Volcanism, Seismology, Geology
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
ABCs of Plate Tectonics http://webspinners.com/dlblanc/tectonic/ptABCs.php
Volcano Info -- general http://www.solcomhouse.com/volcano.htm
Italy current seismicity http://neic.usgs.gov/neis/world/italy/last_event.html
http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/infobank/gazette/html/seismic/it.html
Italy's Volcanoes http://boris.vulcanoetna.com/
Why are there volcanoes in Italy? http://boris.vulcanoetna.com/Italiahome.html
Explore Italian Volcanoes http://vulcan.fis.uniroma3.it/indice.shtml
Italy Volcanoes and Volcanics http://vulcan.wr.usgs.gov/Volcanoes/Italy/description_italy_volcanics.html
Italy: Deep vs. Shallow Mantle Processes http://www.mantleplumes.org/Italy.html
Volcanic Hazards http://www.brookes.ac.uk/geology/8361/2000/angela/eruptivehistory.htm
Igneous Rocks http://volcano.und.nodak.edu/vwdocs/vwlessons/volcanic_rocks.html
http://geology.csupomona.edu/drjessey/class/Gsc101/Igneous.html
http://www.stmarys.ca/conted/webcourses/GEO/GEO99/pubigneous/overview.html
http://courses.smsu.edu/ejm893f/creative/glg110/ignrks_volcan.html
Subduction / Collision http://www.stmarys.ca/conted/webcourses/GEO/GEO99/pubigneous/subduction.html
Volcano notes and terminology http://www3.baylor.edu/~Vince_Cronin/PhysGeol/volcano.snotes.html
Photo glossary of Volcano terminology (USGS) http://volcanoes.usgs.gov/Products/Pglossary/pglossary.html
Pyroclastic Flows / Surges -- what they are http://www.bgs.ac.uk/education/montserrat/Pyroclasticflow.htm
http://volcanoes.usgs.gov/Hazards/What/PF/pcflows.html
http://vulcan.wr.usgs.gov/Glossary/PyroFlows/description_pyro_flows.html
http://volcanology.geol.ucsb.edu/pfs.htm
http://www.geology.sdsu.edu/how_volcanoes_work/Pyroflows.html
http://www.brookes.ac.uk/geology/sedstruc/pyrflow/pyro-encyclo.html#Generation
http://www.geo.ua.edu/volcanology/lecture_notes_files/pyroclastic_flows_and_su.html
Computer simulation of Vesuvius eruption showing the pyroclastic flow and the distance it can travel http://urban.arch.virginia.edu/struct/pompeii/images/video/dobran-simulation.mpeg
Video clip of a pyroclastic flow Soufriere Hills, Montserat http://www.geo.mtu.edu/volcanoes/west.indies/soufriere/govt/images/051296/pf_sea.mpg
Mt. Pinitubo Pyroclastic Flow video clip http://www.geo.mtu.edu/volcanoes/hazards/primer/images/mpegs/pf.flow.mpg
Ignimbrites http://www.geology.sdsu.edu/how_volcanoes_work/Thumblinks/ignimbrite_page.html
http://vulcan.fis.uniroma3.it/lavori/ignimbriti/ignimbrites.html
Huge Campanian Ignimbrites from Phlegrean Fields -- the "Big One" http://volcanology.geol.ucsb.edu/camptuff.htm
Volcano Explorere -- Global Perspective http://dsc.discovery.com/convergence/pompeii/interactive/interactive.html
Volcano Images
http://www.ruf.rice.edu/~leeman/Volcano_images.html
79AD Eruption
http://vulcan.fis.uniroma3.it/vesuvio/79_eruption.html




Vesuvius
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Vesuvio Index http://boris.vulcanoetna.com/VESUVIO.html
Eruption Science http://www.channel4.com/history/microsites/P/pompeii/volcano.htm
Eruptive History http://boris.vulcanoetna.com/VESUVIO_erupthist.html
http://www.channel4.com/history/microsites/P/pompeii/vesuv.htm
http://www.brookes.ac.uk/geology/8361/2000/angela/eruptivehistory.htm
Current Risk http://www.westnet.com/~dobran/Brochure.html
http://www.westnet.com/~dobran/
http://boris.vulcanoetna.com/VESUVIO_hazards.html
Campanian Plain Structural Scheme http://vulcan.fis.uniroma3.it/introduction.html
Osservatorio Vesuviano (Italian) http://www.ov.ingv.it/
AD 79 Eruption Descriptions -- animations and links http://vulcan.fis.uniroma3.it/vesuvio/79_eruptiontext.html
http://urban.arch.virginia.edu/struct/pompeii/volcanic.html
Somma-Vesuvius description http://vulcan.fis.uniroma3.it/vesuvio/vesuvio.html
Computer simulation of Vesuvius eruption showing the pyroclastic flow and the distance it can travel http://urban.arch.virginia.edu/struct/pompeii/images/video/dobran-simulation.mpeg
Pliny's description http://www.classics.cam.ac.uk/Everyone/Pompeii/Destruction.html




Pompeii
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Aerial Pompeii -- Google http://images.google.com/images?q=pompeii+aerial&svnum=100&hl=en&lr=&ie=UTF-8&newwindow=1&c2coff=1&safe=off&client=googlet&filter=0
http://images.google.com/images?q=pompei+aerea&num=100&hl=en&lr=&ie=UTF-8&newwindow=1&c2coff=1&safe=off&client=googlet&sa=N&tab=wi
http://www.tronchin.com/Art103/lecture18.htm
Location http://www.falcophiles.co.uk/maps/campania.html
79 AD Volcanic Strata http://www.brookes.ac.uk/geology/8361/2000/angela/deposits.htm#pompdeposits
Volcanic Phenomena  http://www.amherst.edu/~classics/DamonFiles/classics36/usefulres.html
Reconstruction after the earthquakes of AD 62,64 http://urban.arch.virginia.edu/struct/pompeii/
Ancient literary references to Pompeii http://www.amherst.edu/~classics/DamonFiles/classics36/ancientsourc.html
Description http://www.smatch-international.org/DestructionPompeii.html
http://dsc.discovery.com/convergence/pompeii/pompeii.html
http://edsitement.neh.gov/view_lesson_plan.asp?id=271
http://darkwing.uoregon.edu/~helphand/romepgsone/romepg1.html
http://www.archaeology.org/interactive/pompeii/
http://members.aol.com/ChipCooper/pompeii.html
http://www.windows.ucar.edu/tour/link=/earth/interior/Mt_Vesuvius_ad79.html&edu=high
http://www.geocities.com/vesuvius79ad/
http://www.thecolefamily.com/italy/pompeii/
http://www0.dfj.vd.ch/gybur/BRANCHES/latin/POMPEI/index.htm (French)
http://www.marketplace.it/pompeii/  (Latin)
http://www.harcourtschool.com/activity/pompeii/
http://goeurope.about.com/cs/italy/a/pompeii.htm
http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/ancient/romans/pompeii_portents_01.shtml
Soprintendenza Archeologica di Pompei http://www2.pompeiisites.org/database/pompei/pompei2.nsf?OpenDatabase
Pompeii Forum Project http://pompeii.virginia.edu/
Anglo American Project http://webspinners.com/dlblanc/tectonic/ptABCs.php
Villa of the Mysteries http://sights.seindal.dk/sight/723_Villa_of_Mysteries.html
http://www.jhauser.us/pictures/history/Romans/Pompeii/VillaOfTheMysteries.html
http://www.stoa.org/diotima/essays/seaford.shtml
http://rubens.anu.edu.au/htdocs/laserdisk/artsurvey/bysite/00253.html
http://www.archart.it/archart/italia/campania/pompei/Villa_dei_Misteri/misteri.htm
http://www.wisc.edu/arth/ah201/20.html
Excavation History http://www.channel4.com/history/microsites/P/pompeii/unreveal.htm
Pompeii Inscriptions http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/ancient/pompeii-inscriptions.html
More Links http://www.amherst.edu/~classics/DamonFiles/classics36/usefulres.html




The Four "Pompeian" painting styles
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
August Mau -- Defining the styles http://www.mnsu.edu/emuseum/information/biography/klmno/mau_august.html
Roman Wall Painting http://www.accd.edu/sac/vat/arthistory/arts1303/Rome4.htm
http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/ropt/hd_ropt.htm
Examples of all four styles http://www.coco.cc.az.us/apetersen/_ART201/Wall_painting.htm
Definitions and examples http://www.art-and-archaeology.com/roman/painting.html#portico
Roman WallPainting and Pompeii  (I through 7) http://www.ancientworlds.net/aw/Article/420199
http://www.ancientworlds.net/aw/Article/420713
http://www.ancientworlds.net/aw/Article/420721
http://www.ancientworlds.net/aw/Article/420722
http://www.ancientworlds.net/aw/Article/420724
http://www.ancientworlds.net/aw/Article/420725
http://www.ancientworlds.net/aw/Article/420726






Art and Architecture (all sites)
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Architectual imagery --- Rubens ANU http://rubens.anu.edu.au/htdocs/bycountry/italy/details2.html#pompeii
http://harpy.uccs.edu/roman/html/pompeiislides.html
Pictures of Pompeii http://www.jhauser.us/pictures/history/Romans/Pompeii/index.html
http://www.terragalleria.com/europe/italy/pompeii/pompeii.html
http://www.jhauser.us/pictures/history/Romans/Pompeii/drawingsOfMurals.html
http://www.wisc.edu/arth/ah201/20.html
http://www.archart.it/archart/italia/campania/pompei/pompei.htm
http://pompeii.virginia.edu/pompeii/images/b-w/levin/small/levin.html
http://www.utexas.edu/courses/italianarch/pompeii.html
http://darkwing.uoregon.edu/~helphand/romepgsone/romepg1.html
http://www.vroma.org/images/mcmanus_images/paula_chabot/
http://www.roman-empire.net/articles/article-017.html
http://wings.buffalo.edu/AandL/Maecenas/italy_except_rome_and_sicily/pompeii/thumbnails_contents.html
http://sights.seindal.dk/sight/722_Pompeii.html
http://touritaly.org/pompeii/pompeii-main.htm
http://www.bible-history.com/links.php?cat=6&sub=252&cat_name=Images+%26+Art&subcat_name=Pompeii
Erotica http://ancienthistory.about.com/library/bl/bl_secret_room.htm
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Erotic_art_in_Pompeii
http://www.apollonius.net/pompeii1.html
http://sights.seindal.dk/sight/1147_Lupanare.html
http://francesfarmersrevenge.com/stuff/eroticpompei/
Pompeii and the Arts http://www.channel4.com/history/microsites/P/pompeii/pompeiin.htm
House of Menander Treasure http://www.oup.co.uk/academic/humanities/classical_studies/viewpoint/kenneth_painter/


Herculaneum
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Description http://digilander.libero.it/erikagraphicdesign/Ancient%20town.htm
http://www.roman-empire.net/articles/article-011.html
http://ross.pvt.k12.ny.us/rome/herculan/herculan.html
http://goitaly.about.com/od/naples/a/herculaneum.htm
http://www.falcophiles.co.uk/maps/campania.html
AD 79 Volcanic strata http://www.brookes.ac.uk/geology/8361/2000/angela/deposits.htm#hercdeposits
Images http://myweb.lmu.edu/fjust/Ancient-Herculaneum.htm
http://herculano.desdeinter.net/erco.htm
http://members.tripod.com/aorist/thumbn.htm
http://www.cyberheritage.com/italy2002/heraculeum/
http://www.roman-empire.net/articles/article-011.html
http://wings.buffalo.edu/AandL/Maecenas/italy_except_rome_and_sicily/herculaneum/thumbnails_contents.html
http://homepage.mac.com/kennethbritt/PhotoAlbum7.html
Maps http://users.ipa.net/~tanker/pompeii.htm
Reconstruction Images -- Aedificia Herculanei http://www.spqr.tv/domus/map2.html
http://www.klio.net/domus/#toc
Villa of the Papyri / Villa Pisoni http://digilander.libero.it/erikagraphicdesign/VillaPapyri.htm
http://www.classics.cam.ac.uk/Everyone/Pompeii/Herculaneum/Herculaneum.html
http://ancienthistory.about.com/od/villaofthepapyri/
http://www.answers.com/topic/villa-of-the-papyri
http://byubroadcasting.org/ashes/
---- The Papyri http://www.acfnewsource.org/science/coal_to_scroll.html
http://image.ox.ac.uk/show?collection=bodleian&manuscript=msgrclassb1p112
http://magazine.byu.edu/article.tpl?num=44-Spr01
http://www.humnet.ucla.edu/humnet/classics/philodemus/philhome.htm
http://www.cispegigante.it/frame.asp
http://cpart.byu.edu/herculaneum.php/
http://stromata.typepad.com/stromata_blog/2005/01/further_treasur.html
---- The Getty Museum, Malibu California,  a re-creation (not a reproduction) of the Villa of the papyri http://www.seeing-stars.com/Museums/GettyMuseum.shtml
http://www.dlynnwaldron.com/Getty.html
http://www.bluffton.edu/~sullivanm/langdongetty/getty.html
"Friends of Herculaneum" http://www.Herculaneum.ox.ac.uk/links.html


Oplontis / Torre Annunziata 
and Boscoreale

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Description, Location -- Oplontis / Torre Annunziata http://www2.pompeiisites.org/database/pompei/Pompei2.nsf/0/2B1A3655A59F723EC1256AD400449A47?OpenDocument
http://www.geocities.com/paris/arc/7323/Oplontis/Oplontisengl.html
http://www.fieldmuseum.org/pompeii/oplontis.asp
http://www2.pompeiisites.org/database/pompei/Pompei2.nsf/pagine/5995A4B5407C1D11C1256AD4004544AC?OpenDocument
http://www.falcophiles.co.uk/maps/campania.html
Oplontis Project http://www.oplontisproject.org/index.html
Oplontis Villa Images -- Villa of Poppea http://www.indiana.edu/~leach/c409/oplan.html
http://pompeya.desdeinter.net/oplont00.htm
http://www.lyceendm.net/italie/oplontis.htm (French)
http://www.winston-school.org/STUDENTS/Italy%20trip%202003/Oplantis.htm
http://www.pbase.com/isolaverde/popea
http://www.miti3000.it/mito/image/pompei/oplontis%20affr%20villa%20poppea.JPG
Oplontis Treasue --- gold and gems (Italian) http://www.ilgemmologo.com/oplontis.htm
Monteverdi's 1642 opera, 
The Coronation of Poppea
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/L'Incoronazione_di_Poppea
Boscoreale http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/cubi/hd_cubi.htm
http://www2.pompeiisites.org/database/pompei/pompei2.nsf/0/7B09F61C13EBA950C1256AB600362547?OpenDocument
http://www.mercurioinformagiovani.it/boscoreale/home.html
http://images.google.com/images?svnum=100&hl=en&lr=&ie=ISO-8859-1&newwindow=1&safe=off&c2coff=1&client=googlet&q=boscoreale
Boscoreal Treasure and Reproductions http://www.arthistory.upenn.edu/spr02/221/221lecture7.html
http://www.google.com/search?hl=en&lr=&ie=UTF-8&newwindow=1&c2coff=1&safe=off&client=googlet&q=+site:www.museesdefrance.com+boscoreale+treasure


Campi Flegrei
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Description http://vulcan.fis.uniroma3.it/campi_flegrei/Campi_flegrei.html
http://boris.vulcanoetna.com/CAMPIFLEGREI.html
http://volcano.und.edu/vwdocs/volc_images/europe_west_asia/phlegrean.html
http://www.falcophiles.co.uk/maps/campania.html
Phlegrean Deposits http://193.204.162.114/Campi_Flegrei/Campi_flegrei.html
Solfatara http://www.frcreations.it/fabgallery/pictures/italy/Pozzuoli/Solfatara/Solfatara.htm
http://wings.buffalo.edu/AandL/Maecenas/italy_except_rome_and_sicily/solfatara/thumbnails_contents.html
http://www.scooterpeugeot.it/s&c/solfatara.htm
http://www.geowarn.ethz.ch/index.asp?ID=39
http://www.camping.it/english/campania/solfatara/
Lago Averno http://www.archart.it/archart/italia/campania/lago%20averno/thumb0001.htm
http://encycl.opentopia.com/term/Avernus
http://wings.buffalo.edu/AandL/Maecenas/italy_except_rome_and_sicily/avernus/thumbnails_contents.html
La Grotta Di Cocceio http://www.cib.na.cnr.it/CampiFlegrei/laghilav/cocceio.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grotta_di_Cocceio
http://encycl.opentopia.com/term/Cocceius_Auctus
Monte Nuovo http://boris.vulcanoetna.com/Montenuovo.html
http://www.tightrope.it/monten/intro.htm
http://www.teleradiostella.it/page91.html
http://www.comune.pozzuoli.na.it/Itinerario/Oasi/oasis.htm
http://www.univie.ac.at/Wissenschaftstheorie/heat/gallery/figures2/fig115.htm
Misenum http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/pliny_the_younger.shtml
I Campi Flegrei Magazine (Italian) http://www.icampiflegrei.it/bacheca/2004/16_marzo.htm


Stabiae
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
In Stabiano -- Restoring Ancien Stabiae http://stabiae.org/usa/index2.html
Stabia municipal site http://www.stabiae.it/
Pliny the Elder dies at Stabiae http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Roman/Texts/Pliny_the_Elder/frontispiece.html




Puteoli
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Pozzuoli / Puteoli http://www.icampiflegrei.it/visita_pozzuoli_ing.htm
http://spazioinwind.libero.it/sanemestucore/napoli01pozzuolieng.htm
http://www.falcophiles.co.uk/maps/campania.html
http://www.campnet.it/pianetamare/puteoli.htm  (Italian)
http://dictionary.crossmap.com/definition/puteoli.htm
http://www.littleitalychicago.com/news/20040108_01.shtml
http://www.factmonster.com/ce6/history/A0840580.html
http://www.icampiflegrei.it/visita_pozzuoli_ing.htm
http://www.sorrentoinfo.com/itinerari/itinerari_campi/artistic_archaeological_goods.asp
Via Antiniana between Naples and Puteoli http://www.ulixes.it/english/e_pg02gfr13.html
Rione Terra http://www.ulixes.it/english/e_pg02gfr18.html
Images http://www.archart.it/archart/italia/campania/pozzuoli/pozzuoli.htm
http://wings.buffalo.edu/AandL/Maecenas/italy_except_rome_and_sicily/pozzuoli/thumbnails_contents.html
Macellum (improperly: "Temple of Serapis") http://www.icampiflegrei.it/Azienda%20Turismo/pozzuoli/tempio-serapide.htm  (English at page bottom)
http://www.water.eat-online.net/english/arts/temple_serapis.htm
http://www.campnet.it/aziendaturismo/pozzuoli/articoli2003/marzo_eng.htm
Wharf / Molo Caligoliano http://www.ulixes.it/english/e_pg02gfr10.html
http://www.icampiflegrei.it/bacheca/2004/16_marzo.htm#A10
Underwater Archeological Park http://www.areamarinaprotettabaia.it/archeologia.php?id=13


Baiae
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Description, location http://www.falcophiles.co.uk/maps/campania.html
http://touritaly.org/magazine/baths01.htm
http://www.ancientsites.com/aw/Places/Place/324581
http://www.arthistoryclub.com/art_history/Baiae
http://www.economicexpert.com/a/Baiae.htm
http://www.campnet.it/aziendaturismo/pozzuoli/articoli2003/febbraio_eng.htm
http://www.humnet.ucla.edu/lateantique/gradconference/Watson.htm
http://www.vroma.org/~araia/baiae.html
http://www.italyworldclub.com/campania/napoli/bacoli.htm
Images http://www.catarinaberg.de/baiae.htm
http://cgfa.sunsite.dk/turner/p-turner9.htm
http://historic-cities.huji.ac.il/italy/baia/maps/braun_hogenberg_II_51_2.html
Caligula's Triumph at Baiae http://www.humnet.ucla.edu/lateantique/gradconference/Watson.htm
Baiae thermal baths http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0422/is_n1_v78/ai_18394861
http://www.icampiflegrei.it/Azienda%20Turismo/pozzuoli/articoli2004/ottobre_eng.htm
Baiaean Statuary Factory http://www.beazley.ox.ac.uk/Sculpture/DCKParis%20lecture/Script/Paris%20lecture%20pg4.htm
Submerged Portus Julius http://www.ulixes.it/italiano/i_pg01.html?http://www.ulixes.it/english/e_pg02bfr16_a.html
http://www.campnet.it/aziendaturismo/pozzuoli/articoli2003/giugno_eng.htm
http://raulbotello.tripod.com/baia/
http://www.baiasommersa.it/portus_julius.htm  (Italian)
http://www.comune.pozzuoli.na.it/Itinerario/portogiulios.htm
Underwater Archeological Park http://www.areamarinaprotettabaia.it/archeologia.php?id=13


American super calderas
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Yellowstone Caldera  http://vulcan.wr.usgs.gov/Volcanoes/Yellowstone/framework.html
http://www.lpi.usra.edu/education/EPO/yellowstone2002/workshop/y_caldera1/
http://www.lpi.usra.edu/education/EPO/yellowstone2002/workshop/y_caldera2/index.html
Yellowstone Volcano Observatory http://volcanoes.usgs.gov/yvo/
Long Valley Caldera http://volcano.und.nodak.edu/vwdocs/volc_images/north_america/california/long_valley.html
Valles Caldera http://ve.ou.edu/weaver/votw/valles.htm
http://www.lpi.usra.edu/education/EPO/yellowstone2002/workshop/valles1/index.html
SuperVolcanoes / resurgent calderas http://www.solcomhouse.com/yellowstone.htm
http://www.solarviews.com/eng/valles.htm
(Campi Flegrei Caldera, Italy) http://boris.vulcanoetna.com/CAMPIFLEGREI.html
http://boris.vulcanoetna.com/gifs/Campifl_geol.gif


Miscelaneous
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Twain -- Innocents Abroad, Ascent of Vesuvius http://www.underthesun.cc/Classics/Twain/innocentsabroad/innocentsabroad29.html
Boscoreale http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/cubi/hd_cubi.htm
http://www2.pompeiisites.org/database/pompei/pompei2.nsf/0/7B09F61C13EBA950C1256AB600362547?OpenDocument
http://www.mercurioinformagiovani.it/boscoreale/home.html
http://images.google.com/images?svnum=100&hl=en&lr=&ie=ISO-8859-1&newwindow=1&safe=off&c2coff=1&client=googlet&q=boscoreale
Bulwer-Lytton -- Last Days of Pompeii http://www.victorianweb.org/art/crisis/crisis1e.html
http://emotional-literacy-education.com/classic-books-online-c/tldop10.htm
Pliny the Elder http://www.livius.org/pi-pm/pliny/pliny_e.html
Pliny the Younger http://www.livius.org/pi-pm/pliny/pliny_y.htm
Pliny the Younger's Description -- letters to Tacitus http://faculty.cua.edu/pennington/pompeii/PlinyLetters.htm
Plumbing in Pompeii and Herculaneum http://www.plumbingworld.com/historypompeii.html
Archeological Institute of America
Fieldwork opportunities
http://www.archaeological.org/webinfo.php?page=10016
Earthwatch Archeology Volunteerism http://charityguide.org/charity/external_frameset.htm?http://www.earthwatch.org/subject/archaeology.html
Pompeii -- Review of Robt. Harris book http://www.archaeology.org/online/reviews/pompeii/







Tom Wukitsch Bio
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December 2009

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