|CUI BONO? TO WHOSE BENEFIT?
Who benefited most from Cleopatra's suicide?
The Roman orator and statesman Marcus Tullius Cicero, in his speech Pro Roscio Amerino attributed the expression Cui bono? to the Roman Consul (127 BC) and Censor (125 BC) Lucius Cassius Longinus Ravilla:
"L. Cassius ille quem populus Romanus verissimum et sapientissimum iudicem putabat identidem in causis quaerere solebat 'cui bono' fuisset."
"The famous Lucius Cassius, whom the Roman people used to regard as a very honest and wise judge, was in the habit of asking, time and again, 'To whose benefit?' "
Some Scholars aver that suicide was out of character for Cleopatra and that therefore it is more likely that Octavian had her killed to avoid the possibility that the Roman mob would be sympathetic to her in any triumph celebrated in Rome (as had happened when her sister, Arsinoe, was marched in chains at Caesar’s sumptuous quadruple Triumph of 46 BC.