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Vesuvius, Pompeii, Herculaneum, and Environs

Unit 01a Images: Introduction /Burial

(Unit 01b is below)

1. Joseph Mallord Turner’s 1817 interpretation of the eruption

2. Pompeii fresco showing Vesuvius before the AD 79 Eruption

3. Eruptive column of a Plinian eruption

4. The AD 79 ash-fall map

5. Casts from Pompeii and remains from Herculaneum

6. A tree sheared off by a pyroclastic surge in Oplontis

7. A tree bent by a pyroclastic flow in Boscoreale

01b. Central Italian Geology

1.Niels Steensen (Steno), the inventor of Geology

2. Plate Tectonics

3. Seismicity in Europe along plate and mini-plate boundaries

4. Italian plate tectonics - 1

5. Italian plate tectonics - 2

6. Geological map of Italy

7. Subduction — rifts and trenches

8. Subduction — formation of the magma chamber

9. Naples bay -- the big caldera

10. Kinds of Volcano in and around the caldera

11. How ignimbrite is deposited

12. Depth of tufa in central Italy

13. Quarrying tufa, ca. 1900

14. Sorano Road, cutting through tufa

15. Distribution of Campanian ignimbrites

16. Brecia cone of Vesuvius

17. Monte Nuovo in the Phlegraean Fields (Campi Flegrei)

18. The Grotto of Cocceius connecting Lacus Avernus to the sea

19. Solfatara collapsed cone

20. Solfatara temperature gradients

21. Solfatara camping map

22. Sunken Portus Julius succumbed to Bradyseism

23. Underwater archeology in the Gulf of Baia

24. Semi-submerged ruins in the Gulf of Baia

25. A Phreatic eruption

26. A large phreatic pumice block

27. Plinian column

28. Plinian ash-fall

29. Peleean eruption — pyroclastic flow

30. Pyroclastic flow, Pinatubo 1992

31. Pyroclastic flow, Soufriere 2003

Discovery Channel illustration of the AD 79 Vesuvius Plinian phase

For an animation of the AD 79 Vesuvius eruption, go to