Gruppo Archeologico Romano

Roman Neighborhoods

Background material keyed to topics to be covered in the Autumn 1999 Roman Neighborhoods course of the English Programme of the GAR

Gretchen Meyers        Fridays 10 a.m.        Oct. 8 - Dec 10

Ms. Gretchen Meyers (center) with the Roman Neighborhoods Participants, outside the Domus Aurea

October 8:  Nero Playground:  The Domus Aurea

M.P.:  Entrance to the Colosseo Metro stop

Domus Aurea -- la Republica feature article
Domus Aurea -- FORVM ROMANVM
Domus Aurea -- U. Texas
Domus Aurea - Severus and Celer - Great Buildings Online
Severus and Celer - Great Buildings Online

October 15:  Mussolini, the Construction of the via dei Fori Imperiali and the Recent Excavations of the Imperial Fora

M.P.:  Church of S. Gregorio Magno on the Caelian - Imperial Forums Official Website
Commune di Roma's official Internet site
Arcaiche del IX (in Italian)
Museo dei Fori Imperiali
Another Commune di Roma Internet site which includes some good pictures, information of the mounting of the excavations, and links to other Commune archeological pages.
Pope St. Gregory, the Great, converted his family's home on the Coelian hill for use as the Monastery of S. Andrea and later, according to legend,  sent St. Augustine of Canterbury from that monastery on his mission to convert England to Christianity.  The first Church of S. Gregorio Magno was built on the site by Gregorio II in honor of his illustrious predecessor.  There were several iterations of the church culminating in the present structure.  The exterior of of the church was completely rebuilt (1629-33) for Cardinal Scipione Borghese by G. B. Soria and is considered to be Soria's baroque masterpiece.  The interior was redone by F. Ferrari (1725-34) preserving only the cosmatesque floor and the spolii pillars of the older church.  (Relics of the earl churches are incorporated, however, and there are some fine old tombs in the forecourt.)  There are three early chapels or oratorii in the garden to the left of the grand staircase leading up to the church.  To gain entry to the church and the chapels ring the bell on the clearly marked door on the right side of the forecourt.

St. Gregory's on the Coelian Hill
Chronology of Pope Gregory the Great
Mission of St. Augustine of Canterbury

October 22:  Augustus' City of Marble    (!Note, schedule change!)

M.P.:  Piazza del Popolo, near the Obelisk

Transformation of Rome under Augustus -- lecture text
Although this site, unfortunately, does not provide links to the images that were to have accompanied the lecture, the text provides much useful information.
 Marmora Romana -- Roman Marble

Via Flaminia

LacusCurtius - The Via Flaminia
Ara Pacis
AUGUSTUS: IMAGES OF POWER (for Mausoleum and Ara Pacis)
LacusCurtius - The Ara Pacis Augustus
LacusCurtius Rodolfo Lanciani -Ara Pacis (1892)
Mausoleum of Augustus
The Mausoleum of Augustus
AUGUSTUS: IMAGES OF POWER (for Mausoleum and Ara Pacis)
LacusCurtius Obeliscus Augusti (Platner & Ashby, 1929)
LacusCurtius - Pliny (Elder) on the Gnomen (Latin)
Stefano del Lungo on the horologium (Italian)
Riti funerari
Roman Funerals

October 29:  Outside the City Walls at the Villa Doria Pamphili   (!Note, schedule change!)

M.P.:  Port S. Pancrazio on the Janiculum
Villa Doria Pamphili
Doria Pamphilj - The family
"Rome O Morte" The Siege of Rome - 1849
There is not much on the Internet about the Villa, so this account of the use of the Villa as one of the major rallying points for the Seige is included for your reading pleasure.

November 5:  Baroque Visions on the Quirinale

M.P.:  Santa Maria della Vittoria in Via XX Settembre

Baroque is popular, so there is a wealth of information on the Internet about sites covered here.

The overarching figure in the decoration of the Quirinale is Sixtus V (Fra Felice Peretti), who in his five year reign set his mark on Rome.  He re-erected four of Rome's obelisks (at sites of his own choosing), sponsored construction and redecoration of churches, finished the construction of St. Peter's Basilica, restored the Alexandrina aquaduct (or, some say, part of the Claudia) now known as the Aqua Felice, reorganized the Roman Curia into the still prevalent fifteen Congregations, and restored the prestige (and finances) of the Papacy after a string of inept predecessors.  Look for symbols of his Papacy -- the lions and pears (felice = cat, lion; peretti = pears) throughout Rome.

 Popes Through the Ages: Pope Sixtus V
 Lions and Pears
Largo Santa Susanna a chatty site that discusses the Churches around the Largo and the Moses fountain, which is the mostra of the Aqua Felice.

Santa Maria della Vittoria
S.Maria della Vittoria -- Cornaro Chapel

Sant'Andrea - Bernini - Great Buildings Online
Sant'Anndrea 1658-70 -- Sullivan
Sant'Andrea al Quirinale -- description/photos

S.Carlo alle Quattro Fontane
S. Carlo - Borromini - Great Buildings
San Carlo 1665-76 -- Sullivan

Borromini Exhibition Coming to Rome -- After the Bernini Exhibition through the summer of 1999, it's only fair that Borromini also gets some time in the spotlight.  At the Rome Palazzo delle Esposizioni 12/15/1999-2/28/2000:  400 Years of Borromini -- The Internet site is:

Francesco Borromini 1599-1667 - Structure and Metamorphosis
And two more general references
Gateway to Art History: IV Renaissance, Baroque & Rococo
LacusCurtius Aquaeductus (Smith's Dictionary, 1875)

November 12:  Rome's Capitol
M.P.:  Statue of M.Aurelius on the Campidoglio

As would be expected of a site ot the antiquity and importance of the Capitoline/Campidoglio, there is very much information on the Internet.

Imperial Roma
The centre of Rome in the late imperial era (3rd Century A.D.). Detail of the model in the Museo della Civiltà Romana (Rome)

Capitoline Hill/Pza. Campidoglio 58 photos from Leo C. Curran's incomparable collection Maecenas: Images of Ancient Greece and Rome (which totals over 1100 photos)

Jupiter Capitoline -- LacusCurtius (Platner & Ashby, 1929) Although Platner and Ashby are dated, this entry is still the best and most extensive explanation of the great temple to Iovis Optimi Maximi Capitolini on the Internet.  (The whole of Platner and Ashby is on line and can be found here.  LacusCurtius excerpts important Platner and Ashby citations, and they can be found at: LacusCurtius Platner & Ashby's Topography of Ancient Rome.)

Piazza del Campidoglio - Michelangelo - Great Buildings Online
Aerial Campidoglio and Forum
Capitoline Hill -- early print
Images of Palazzo dei Conservatori
Jupiter or Jove (from a concise Roman Gods page)
Leoni Capitolini
Piazza del Campidoglio w/early views
Phototour -- Architectour
Prints (scroll to bottom of page)
Santa Maria in Aracoeli

Tarpeian Rock -- Rupes Tarpeia
Versions of the story:

"So called from Tarpeia, a vestal virgin, the daughter of Spurius Tarpeius, governor of the citadel on the Capitoline Hill. Tarpeia agreed to open the gates to the Sabines if they would give her "what they wore on their arms" (meaning their bracelets). The Sabines, "keeping their promise to the ear," crushed her to death with their shields, and she was buried in that part of the hill called the Tarpeian Rock. Subsequently, traitors were cast down this rock and so killed."

"According to an old Roman legend Tarpeia was the daughter of Spurius Tarpeius who was the defender of the Capitol in Rome in a fight against the Sabines. She delivered the castle to the enemy in exchange for gold and ornaments."

"Another legend tells she was driven by love for Titus Tatius, the leader of the enemy. Instead of rewarding her, the Sabines threw them off a rock on the south-west side of the Capitol. That is why this rock got the name 'rupes Tarpeia', which means 'rock of Tarpeia'."

"Bear him to the rock Tarpeian, and from thence into destruction cast him."  Shakespeare: Coriolanus, iii. 1

November 19:  Neighborhood Rivalry in the Piazza Navona
M.P.:  Fountain of the Four Rivers in Piazza Navona
Piazza Navona is a popular attraction on the internet as well as in the real Rome, so there is no scarcity of web pages to visit.  The following are interesting because they provide more than the normal touristy information:
Navona -- Nerone article
includes a photo of the flooding of the Piazza
Piazza Navona
a nice drawing of Navona.  Unfortunately the link to the larger version does not connect
Piazza Navona -- Piranesi drawing
Francesco Borromini 1599-1667, Structure and Metamorphosis
The notice of the Exhibition starting December 15
S. Agnese -- Piazza Navona
S. Agnese -- Morlacchi Catalogue
Palazzo Pamphili -- Morlacchi Catalogue
Images, Four Rivers fountain, by Bernini, 1648-51

November 26:  From Diocletian to Fellini - Use and Reuse of the Baths of Diocletian
M.P.: In the Basilica of Santa Maria degli Angeli
Baths of Diocletian
Plans of the baths and parts still visible with overlays of modern streets
S.Bernardo&S.Maria degli Angeli
Description of two of the churches occupying parts of the terme -- scroll down to items five and six.
Piranesi -- Terme di Diocleziano
A picture of Piranesi's 1774 etching of the terme
Museo Nazionale delle Terme
Somewhat dated, but good pictures of artifacts.  Click on pictures for larger views (Koskimies)
Baths of Diocletian and S. Maria degli Angeli
Prints and Pictures.  Click to pix to expand (Koskimies)
Baths of Diocletian
Leo Curran's photos. (Part of a much larger Internet site covering virtually all Roma archeological and architectural sites.)
Baths of Ancient Rome
The whys and wherefores of Roman Bathing

 The History of Plumbing - Pompeii & Herculaneum
 The History of Plumbing - Roman and English Legacy

Catholic Encyclopedia: DIOCLETIAN
Short slanted biography
Medieval Sourcebook: Diocletian: Edicts Against The Christians

December 3:  From Roman to Christian on the Caelian
M.P.:  Church of SS. Giovanni e Paolo
Ss. Giovanni e Paolo
Another of June Hager's masterful descriptions
R. Lanciani: Pagan and Christian Rome
Full text of Lanciani's book on the Christianization of Rome
SS. Giovanni e Paolo (Koskimies)
Click on pictures to expand

December 10:  Unburying Caesar in Modern Rome
M.P.:  Statue of Giordano Bruno in Campo dei Fiori
Plan of the Theatre of Pompey
Theatre and modern streets
Views of Models
Theater of Pompey -- view of model
Model of Pompey's Theater
Caen - Scale Model of Rome
Teatro di Pompeo
Short description, in Italian (size, seating Capacity)
Marcus Brutus
Gaius Julius Caesar -- Epilogue to Assassination

Shakespeare: Julius Caesar

Assasination is at Act 3 Scene 1
Shakespeare's Julius Caesar
Other editions, sources, textual criticism
Didaskalia: Introduction to Roman Stagecraft
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